Ensemble Neural Networks and Image Analysis for On-Site Estimation of Nitrogen Content in Plants

  • Susanto B. SulistyoEmail author
  • W. L. Woo
  • S. S. Dlay
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 16)


In agricultural practices, the estimation of nitrogen content in plants is an essential aspect to be considered, especially to support precision farming. In this paper, a combination of backpropagation neural networks and committee machines to estimate the nitrogen content in wheat leaves has been proposed. The leaf images were captured under sunlight by means of a conventional digital camera. In this proposed method, features fusion of three color spaces, i.e. RGB, HSI and CIE-Lab, is introduced as the input parameters for the nitrogen prediction. In the image segmentation, neural network is utilized to differentiate the leaves from other surrounding parts. The results of the proposed method are much better than that of the SPAD meter, as well as the linear regression analysis and single neural network based estimation methods.


Image processing SPAD meter Image segmentation Backpropagation neural network Features fusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanto B. Sulistyo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • W. L. Woo
    • 1
  • S. S. Dlay
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural TechnologyJenderal Soedirman UniversityPurwokertoIndonesia

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