Controlling Line Follower Robot with the Remote Web Server
The emergence of artificial intelligence, industrial manufacture automation process control tools are blessings for the human society, nowadays, with the innovative smart sensors, actuator and robotics controller. These ICT-based products, services and systems are increasing the quality of life, autonomy, participation in social life, skills and employ-ability of older adults, and reducing the costs of the health and the social care.
The line follower robot controlling with web server has tremendous impact in the industrial manufacture process, carrying goods, cartage in a specific direction. Importance of automation affects much that reduces time and increases efficiency on every sector. Amazon USA packages all of their goods with in short amount of the time with enormous help of line follower robot in the industrial automation. Packaging line follower robot is used to carry goods one to place to another place without human physical intervention. Line follower robot can be a prototype in captive power generation industry, mining industry, fertilizer industry, cement industry, nuclear power plant, hospital to carry medicine to the patient, etc.
The paper has elaborated a simple prototype of a line follower robot, where the robot can follow the line during its run time period. The Proportional - integral-derivation (PID) control algorithm has been proposed to improve the reliability of the robot, which can be drive on different locomotion. Overall, the web server is controlling over the remote autonomous system with client requests.
KeywordsWeb server Axis2 Line follower robot Microcontroller (PIC 16F877A) Infrared Ray (IR) Sensor Actuator (DC motor) PID controller
I would like to thank my Professors, Researchers and my wife Mst. Amirunnahar.
- 1.Kaiser, F., Islam, S., Imran, W., Khan, K.H., Islam, K.M.A.: Line follower robot: Fabrication and accuracy measurement by data acquisition. In: International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Information & Communication Technology (ICEEICT), Dhaka, pp. 1–6, 10–12 April 2014Google Scholar
- 2.Pakdaman, M., Sanaatiyan, M.M., RezaeiGhahroudi, M.: A line follower robot from design to implementation: technical issues and problems. In: 2nd International Conference on Computer and Automation Engineering (ICCAE), Singapore, vol. 1, pp. 5–9, 26–28 February 2010Google Scholar
- 3.Ismail, A.H., Ramli, H.R., Ahmed, M.H., Marhaban, M.H.: Vision-based system for line following mobile robot. In: IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics & Applications, ISIEA, Kuala Lumpur, vol. 2, pp. 642–465, 4–6 October 2009Google Scholar
- 4.Pakdaman, M., Sanaatiyan, M.M.: Design and implementation of line follower robot. In: Second International Conference on Computer and Electrical Engineering, ICCEE 2009, Dubai, vol. 2, pp. 585–590, 28–30 December 2009Google Scholar
- 5.Tufka, A., Aybar, A.: Line estimation for a line-following mobile robot. In: IEEE 9th International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ELECO), Bursa, pp. 890–893, 26–28 November 2015Google Scholar
- 6.Thirumurugan, J., Kartheeswaran, G., Vinoth, M., Vishwanathan, M.: Line following robot for library inventory management system. In: International Conference on Emerging Trends in Robotics and Communication Technologies (INTERACT), Chennai, pp. 1–3, 3–5 December 2010Google Scholar
- 7.Li, Y., Wu, X., Shin, D., Wang, W., Bai, J., He, Q., Luo, F., Zheng, W.: An improved line following optimization algorithm for mobile robot. In: 7th International Conference on Computing and Convergence Technology (ICCCT), Seoul, pp. 84–87, 3–5 December 2012Google Scholar
- 8.Colak, I., Yildrim, D.: Evolving a line following robot to use in shopping centers for entertainment. In: 35th Annual Conference of IEEE on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2009, Porto, pp. 3803–3807, 3–5 November 2009Google Scholar
- 9.Makrodimitris, M., Nikolakakis, A., Papadopoulos, E.: Semi-autonomous color line-following educational robots: design and implementation. In: IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), Budapest, pp. 1052–1057, 3–7 July 2011Google Scholar
- 10.Lee, K.-B., Hong, T.-D.: On-line footstep planning and following for humanoid robots. In: 12th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI), pp. 353. IEEE, Goyang, 28–30 October 2015Google Scholar
- 11.Engin, M., Engin, D.: Path planning of line follower robot. In: 5th European DSP Education and Research Conference (EDERC), Amsterdam, pp. 1–5, 13–14 September 2012Google Scholar
- 12.Hasan, K.M., AI-Nahid, A., Reza, K.J., Khatun, S., Basar, M.R.: Sensor based autonomous color line follower robot with obstacle avoidance. In: IEEE Conference on Business Engineering and Industrial Applications Colloquium (BEIAC), Langkawi, pp. 598–603, 7–9 April 2013Google Scholar
- 13.L293D motor driver datasheet, Texas Instruments. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~valvano/Datasheets/L293d.pdf
- 14.Infrared Ray (IR) sensor datasheet, VISHAY semiconductor. http://www.vishay.com/docs/83760/tcrt5000.pdf
- 15.PIC16F877A datasheet, Microchip. http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/39582C.pdf
- 16.Braunl, T.: Embedded Robotics: Mobile Robot Design and Applications With Embedded System, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg (2006). ISBN 978-3-540-70534-5Google Scholar
- 17.Cardeira, C., Da Costa, J.S.: A low cost mobile robot for engineering education. In: 31st Annual IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2005, 6–10 November 2005Google Scholar
- 18.Ogata, K.: Modern Control Engineering, 5th edn. Pearson, Upper Saddle River (2010–2011)Google Scholar
- 19.Goyal, L., Aggarwal, S.: C-based algorithm to avoid static obstacles in robot navigation. In: IEEE Internation Conference on Advance Computing Conference (IACC), Gurgaon, pp. 68–73, 21–22 February 2014Google Scholar
- 20.Spillner, J.: Service oriented in middleware components for scalable service marketplaces. In: 19th International CrimeanGoogle Scholar
- 21.Herder, J.N., Bos, H., Gras, B., Homburg, P., Tanenbaum, A.: Failure resilience for device drivers, dependable systems and networks. In: 37th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference, DSN 2007, Edinburgh, pp. 41–50, 25–28 June 2007Google Scholar
- 22.Kelasidi, E., Pettersen, K.Y., Liljebäck, P., Gravdahl, J.T.: Integral line-of-sight for path following of underwater snake robots. In: IEEE Conference on Control Applications (CCA), Juan Les Antibes, pp. 1078–1085, 8–10 October 2014Google Scholar