Land-Based Station Studies of Aquatic Mammals in Latin America: Understanding Behavior for Conservation

  • Maria Emilia MoreteEmail author
  • Daniela Abras
  • Cristiane C. A. Martins
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 22)


Behavioral studies are the key to understand animals and to build up the knowledge of their ecology playing a key role in investigating consequences of anthropogenic activities. Land-based station (LBS) enables broad view of animals in their habitat, not interfering in their natural behavior. This chapter presents an overview of LBS research comprehensiveness, limitations, methodologies and equipment, guiding readers to the main literature in the field. In Latin America LBS studies have been identified in 11 countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. At least 27 species of aquatic mammals have been studied from land, comprising six Mysticetes, 18 Odontocetes, two Pinnipeds and a Sirenian. LBS research enhanced the knowledge of several species behavior, movement patterns, distribution, and habitat use. They have provided valuable support to conservation measures and coastal management in Latin America countries. Because of their relative low cost, simple logistics and diverse possibilities, LBS studies should be encouraged in all areas where aquatic mammals are present and observations from land are feasible.


Land-based station Animal behavior Behavioral study Aquatic mammals Observational methodologies Theodolite Total station 



The authors would like to thanks to all respondents that participated of the web survey allowing to improve the coverage of the workpresented: Amandine Bordin, Ana Carolina Oliveira de Meirelles, Ana Maria Garcia Cegarra, André Silva Barreto, Bruna Rafaela Passos Araújo, Camila Morais, Claudia Brigagão Petta, Daniel Danilewicz, Eduardo Morteo, Flávio Lima, Héctor Barrios-Garrido, Isabel Cristina Avila, João Carlos Gomes Borges, Joëlle De Weerdt, José Martins da Silva Júnior, Karina Groch, Katherina Audley, Luiza Beirão Campos, Marcos Rossi-Santos, Maria Isabel C. Golçalves, Maritza Sepúlveda, Milene Novais, Paola Hernandez Alvear, Rita Carli, Rodrigo H. Tardin, Salvatore Siciliano, Silvana Bottini, Valentina Franco-Trecu and Yvonick Le Pendu. Ana Carolina Oliveira de Meirelles (Collection Aquasis), Ana Maria Garcia Cegarra, Bernd Würsig, Eduardo Morteo, Flavio Lima, João Carlos Gomes Borges (Collection Fundação Mamíferos Aquáticos), Joëlle De Weerdt, José Martins da Silva Júnior, Isabel Cristina Avila, Karina Groch, Melany Würsig, Samuel Turgeon, Tatiana Bisi, Valentina Franco-Trecu, provided images to illustrate the chapter. Julia Dombroski provided valuable comments. The authors would like to thanks David S. Janiger for his meaningful contribution to the study of aquatic mammals through his online library.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Emilia Morete
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniela Abras
    • 1
  • Cristiane C. A. Martins
    • 2
  1. 1.VIVA Baleias, Golfinhos e ciaSantana Do ParnaibaBrazil
  2. 2.Tryphon OceansTadoussacCanada

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