Miscellaneous Neuromodulatory Techniques

  • Sergio Canavero
  • Vincenzo Bonicalzi


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has also been employed for pain control [1].


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Canavero
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Bonicalzi
    • 2
  1. 1.HEAVEN/GEMINI International Collaborative GroupTurinItaly
  2. 2.AOUCittà della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Department of Neurosciences, Rita Levi MontalciniUniversità di TorinoTurinItaly

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