Physical and Morphological Changes to Wetlands Induced by Coastal Structures

  • Germán Daniel Rivillas-OspinaEmail author
  • Gabriel Ruiz-Martinez
  • Rodolfo Silva
  • Edgar Mendoza
  • Carlos Pacheco
  • Guillermo Acuña
  • Juan Rueda
  • Angélica Felix
  • Jesús Pérez
  • Carlos Pinilla
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 21)


This document is focused on the establishment of a methodology to assess erosive processes in a coastal wetland. Particularly, it analyses the spit that separates the lagoon from the sea, elaborating a diagnostic process that helps to characterize the effect of the coastal infrastructure in morphological changes in a short and medium-term. Elements such as the morphology, the wave climate, the hydrodynamic and the evolution monitoring of coastline are key elements to understand whether a coastal wetland is on equilibrium or in the contrary, its state of vulnerability is such that in the slightest change in physics conditions will produce negative effects by the system instability.

Generally, it describes the procedure performed to properly understand the relation between modifications of coastal processes and the response of a coastal environment. It uses numerical and theoretical models to assess the behavior of the waterfront, considering the historical changes that have occurred to ultimately predict variations of the spit as consequence of the establishment of new civil works. Finally, it concludes with this method of analysis that the evaluated study case will be affected by the works of action to be developed for facilitating the navigability conditions of a new port currently under construction in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia.


Ciénaga de Mallorquín Coastal wetland Coastal erosion Morphological changes Port SANDY® Wave climate 



To coastal engineering group of the Universidad del Norte, integrated by Marianella Bolivar, Alejandra Builes, Ximena Arguelles, Vilma Álvarez y Carlos Ramos. Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental studies (IDEHA) and EAFIT University for the help during the field work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Germán Daniel Rivillas-Ospina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gabriel Ruiz-Martinez
    • 2
  • Rodolfo Silva
    • 3
  • Edgar Mendoza
    • 3
  • Carlos Pacheco
    • 1
  • Guillermo Acuña
    • 1
  • Juan Rueda
    • 1
  • Angélica Felix
    • 3
  • Jesús Pérez
    • 4
  • Carlos Pinilla
    • 5
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Ambiental. PIANC-COLOMBIAUniversidad del NortePuerto ColombiaColombia
  2. 2.Departmento de Recursos del MarCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico NacionalMéridaMéxico
  3. 3.Coordinación de Hidráulica, Instituto de IngenieríaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad de MéxicoMéxico
  4. 4.Departamento de Ingeniería CivilUniversidad EAFITMedellínColombia
  5. 5.Departmento de FísicaUniversidad del NortePuerto ColombiaColombia

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