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How Can Accurate Landing Stats Help in Designing Better Fisheries and Environmental Management for Western Atlantic Estuaries?

  • Mário BarlettaEmail author
  • André R. A. Lima
  • David V. Dantas
  • Igor M. Oliveira
  • Jurandyr Reis Neto
  • Cezar A. F. Fernandes
  • Eduardo G. G. Farias
  • Jorge L. R. Filho
  • Monica F. Costa
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 21)

Abstract

Fisheries in Brazil, the country with most territory in South America, is not comprehensive at all. The lack of precise historical data is the main concern faced by perspectives of fishery management. The majority of data are simplistic records of extrapolated biomass published by federal entities regardless the habitat from where fish resources were harvested, how they were captured and lengths of capture. Little attention was given to the social, economic and cultural aspects of traditional communities and their livelihood. Worst is the case of estuarine systems of the Western Atlantic, where artisanal fishery rules the landings and the absence of proper monitoring, control and surveillance leads to poor managerial actions. As a result, fishery studies conclude that most fish stocks of Western Atlantic estuaries show signs of over-exploitation. Palliative measures such as closed periods for capture of common resources has emerged as urgent option aiming to reduce the impacts of overfishing. Bycatch reduction devices are examples of emerging options. Fishery management of Brazilian estuaries urges accelerated actions: introduce rights and duties-based fishery management to guarantee the declaration of every fisherman activities; enable fishers to organize themselves through the idea of ecological sustainability and economic efficiency; and acquiring daily reports of fish landings through stakeholder approach and co-management. Fishery pressure is not the unique responsible for reduced estuarine production. Bycatch due to small-mesh nets, oxygen-consuming effluents, emerging pollutants, solid wastes, deforestation of mangrove forest for human purposes and human-driven changes in river flow and estuarine morphology are rapidly changing the nature of a nursery environment. Co-management, long-term data and daily reports on production can help to design stock assessment models, understand variations in biomass over time, detect problems of uncontrolled fishing effort, point periods of seasonal habits for each fishery resource, and, most importantly, guarantee that enough juveniles of each living resource can be recruited to adult stocks. The compliance of ecological data and biological research, robust data for landing stats and the social profile of the fishery community seems to be the ideal approach to build proper rules of co-management in Western Atlantic estuaries.

Keywords

South American estuaries Estuarine conservation Co-management Fishery impacts Fish resources overexploitation Coastal management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge the financial support from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) through grant Proc.405818/2012-2/COAGR/PESCA; Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE) through grant APQ–0911–108/12 and BFP-0130-1.08/15; the Fishers Association of Piaçabuçu (Z19) for the integrated work on fishery statistics; CODEVASF Fisheries Resources and Aquaculture Integrated Centre of Betume, at Neópolis Sergipe State, for the local rainfall data. MB and MFC are CNPq Fellows.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mário Barletta
    • 1
    Email author
  • André R. A. Lima
    • 1
  • David V. Dantas
    • 2
  • Igor M. Oliveira
    • 3
  • Jurandyr Reis Neto
    • 3
  • Cezar A. F. Fernandes
    • 4
  • Eduardo G. G. Farias
    • 2
  • Jorge L. R. Filho
    • 2
  • Monica F. Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ecologia e Gerenciamento de Ecossistemas Costeiros e Estuarinos (LEGECE), Departamento de OceanografiaUniversidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)RecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Grupo de Tecnologia e Ciência Pesqueira (TECPESCA), Departamento de Engenharia de Pesca, Centro de Ensino Superior da Região Sul (CERES)Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC)LagunaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Estudos da Pesca (LABPESCA), Unidade de Ensino Penedo, Campus ArapiracaUniversidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL)PenedoBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratório de Bioecologia Pesqueira (Biopesca), Departamento de Ciências do MarUniversidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI)ParnaíbaBrazil

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