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Mangrove Inventory, Monitoring, and Health Assessment

  • AjaiEmail author
  • H. B. Chauhan
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 21)

Abstract

Mangroves occur world-wide in the tropics and subtropics, mainly between 32°N and 38°S latitudes. These are assemblages of salt tolerant shrubs and trees that grow along the inter-tidal regions in the form of narrow strips or as extensive patches in estuarine habitats and river deltas. Mangroves or Mangal perform many important functions in the coastal and marine environment as well as provide vital and unique ecosystem goods and services including livelihood of coastal people in terms of forest produce and fishery resources. In spite of its ecological and economic significance, mangroves are under threat from human activities in addition to natural causes. The anthropogenic threats to this ecosystem include reclamation of mangrove areas for human habitation, aquaculture, agriculture, port and industrial development. Conservation and management of the mangrove ecosystem requires spatial inventory of mangrove cover, its type and canopy density as well as its monitoring with time. The physical conditions and harsh environment in and around the mangrove forest make the conventional methods of data collection extremely difficult. Under such conditions, data from remote sensing satellites provide a viable option for mapping and monitoring of mangroves.

Mangroves, their importance and threats to this vital ecosystem are discussed here. Remote sensing techniques and its application in the context of mangroves have been briefly discussed. Use of satellite data for mapping and monitoring of mangrove forests has also been described in this chapter. Methodology for spatial inventory of mangroves at community level along with canopy density is also presented in detail. Case studies on the inventory and monitoring of mangroves have also been discussed. A model for mangrove health assessment, based on the satellite data and conventional inputs, have been developed and presented here. This multi-parameter health assessment model has been discussed and demonstrated through a case study from India.

Keywords

Mangroves Inventory and monitoring Remote sensing Earth observations Mangrove health model Coastal ecosystems 

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ES, CSIRSpace Applications Centre, ISROAhmedabadIndia

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