Strategies and Tactics

  • Lucía Martínez Ordóñez
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


The words strategy and tactic share an etymological and historical origin. While the word strategy is etymologically formed by the Greek stratos (army) and agein (to guide), meaning the art of leading military operations, the word tactic comes from the Greek taktike (tekhne), meaning the art of arrangement. It was the Byzantine emperor Leo VI who around 900 first used the word strategía to express how to move armed forces, and who released the military treatise “Tactica” collecting different issues in the conduct of war, from cavalry and infantry formations to naval operations. In the Western world, though, it took until 1771 when Paul Gédéon Joly de Maïzeroy translated the works of Leo VI into French that the term stratégie was first coined, stressing the difference between the specific art of how a commander has to successfully move his subordinates and other aspects of a military campaigns such as tactics, logistics or building fortifications (see, e.g., Heuser 2010, p. 3).


Military Operation Tactical Level Information Superiority Grand Strategy City Leader 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucía Martínez Ordóñez
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsRuhr University BochumBochumGermany

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