Thermal Transformations of Polymeric Metal Chelates and Their Precursors in Nanocomposites Formation

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 257)

Abstract

The thermal transformations of polymeric metal chelates and their most typical precursors, resulting in the formation of nanocomposite materials, are considered. The attention is focused on the methodology of thermolysis including thermogravimetric, linear pyrolysis, volumetric, spray, chemical vapor deposition approaches as well as thermolysis under the action high-energy radiation. The metal chelates as «single-source» precursors are readily decomposed both in the pure state and the polymer matrix due to the formation of the polymeric shell by the destruction of the organic fragment. A new approach using metal chelate monomers as precursors (the conjugate thermolysis) is also considered. This method involves a simultaneous polymerization of monomers and the formation of metal-containing nanoparticles during the thermal transformation. Depending on the nature of the polymeric metal chelates and thermolysis conditions, different nanomaterials (for example, carbon, metal oxide, mixed-oxide, non-oxide nanocomposites, etc.) can be formed.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow regionRussia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia

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