Advertisement

Factors Affecting Choice of Travel Mode in Tallinn

  • Helen PoltimäeEmail author
  • Mari Jüssi
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter assesses the key factors related to travel mode choice by the citizens of Tallinn, specifically comparing the growing use of cars and diminishing use of public transport, based on household travel survey data collected in 2015. Although the number of trips made and daily time spent on travelling in Estonia is still lower than in highly developed countries, these figures are rapidly increasing. Besides income, another important factor promoting car use is the car compensation offered by employers and enabled by the Estonian tax system. While looking at why people choose cars or public transport, the authors underline the need for a public transport or cycling network to satisfy citizens’ needs. The role of urban planning is crucial to developing the quality and accessibility of public transport.

Keywords

Public transport Car use Tallinn 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Tallinn City Government, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and Kredex for making available Tallinn travel survey data for 2012–2015. The authors are also grateful to Patrik Dinnétz for his useful comments while acting as a discussant for the draft version of this study.

References

  1. Anspal, S., & Poltimäe, H. (2009). Model of social costs of transport: Methodology and results (Report for Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications).Google Scholar
  2. Buehler, R. (2011). Determinants of transport mode choice: A comparison of Germany and USA. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(4), 644–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carse, A., Goodman, A., Mackett, R. L., Panter, J., & Ogilvie, D. (2013). The factors influencing car use in a cycle-friendly city: The case of Cambridge. Journal of Transport Geography, 28, 67–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cats, O., Reimal, T., & Susilo, Y. (2014). Public transport pricing policy—Empirical evidence from a fare-free scheme in Tallinn, Estonia. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2415, 89–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cats, O., Susilo, Y., & Reimal, T. (2016). The prospects of fare-free public transport: Evidence from Tallinn. Transportation, 1–22.Google Scholar
  6. Dargay, J., & Gately, D. (1999). Income’s effect on car and vehicle ownership, worldwide: 1960-2015. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 33(2), 101–138.Google Scholar
  7. de Palma, A., & Rochat, D. (2000). Mode choices for trips to work in Geneva: An empirical analysis. Journal of Transport Geography, 8(1), 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eesti Uuringukeskus. (2012). Tallinn travel survey, commissioned by Tallinn City Government.Google Scholar
  9. Environment Agency. (2016). Data about car population and mileage in Estonia. Provided by email, March 30, 2016.Google Scholar
  10. Eriksson, L., Friman, M., & Gärling, T. (2008). Stated reasons for reducing work-commute by car. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic, Psychology and Behaviour, 11(6), 427–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Eurostat. (2016). Statistical database. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Accessed August 22, 2016.
  12. Gardner, B., & Abraham, C. (2007). What drives car use? A grounded theory analysis of commuters’ reasons for driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 10(3), 187–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Giuliano, G., & Dargay, J. (2006). Car ownership, travel and land use: A comparison of the US and Great Britain. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 40(2), 106–124.Google Scholar
  14. Iftekhar, S., & Tapsuwan, S. (2010). Review of transportation choice research in Australia: Implications for sustainable urban transport design. Natural Resources Forum, 34(4), 255–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jüssi, M., Poltimäe, H., Sarv, K., & Orru, H. (2010). Sustainable transport report commissioned by Sustainable Development Committee and the Estonian Government Office.Google Scholar
  16. Kingham, S., Dickinson, J., & Copsey, S. (2001). Travelling to work: Will people move out of their cars. Transport Policy, 8(2), 151–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kuhnimhof, T., Buehler, R., Wirtz, M., & Kalinowska, D. (2012). Travel trends among young adults in Germany: Increasing multimodality and declining car use for men. Journal of Transport Geography, 24, 443–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Metz, D. (2010). Saturation of demand for daily travel. Transport Reviews, 30(5), 659–674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mokhtarian, P. L., Salomon, I., & Singer, M. E. (2015). What moves us? An interdisciplinary exploration of reasons for traveling. Transport Reviews, 35(3), 250–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Monzon, A., Vega, L. A., & Lopez-Lambas, M. E. (2011). Potential to attract drivers out of their cars in dense urban areas. European Transport Research Review, 3(3), 129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Poltimäe, H. (2014). The distributional and behavioural effects of Estonian environmental taxes. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Tartu Press.Google Scholar
  22. Schwanen, T., Dijst, M., & Dieleman, F. M. (2002). A microlevel analysis of residential context and travel time. Environment and Planning, 34, 1487–1507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Statistics Estonia. (2016). Statistical database. http://www.stat.ee. Accessed August 8, 2016.
  24. Steg, L. (2005). Car use: Lust and must. Instrumental, symbolic and affective motives for car use. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 39(2–3), 147–162.Google Scholar
  25. TNS EMOR. (2015). Tallinn travel survey, commissioned by Kredex.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn CentreTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations