Costs of Nutrient Management with Technological Development and Climate Change

  • Ing-Marie GrenEmail author


This chapter examines the implications for the cost-effective management of nitrogen and phosphorus, in the presence of uncertain climate change effects on nutrient pools in a eutrophied sea. It investigates the impact of uncertain development on nutrient abatement technologies. A dynamic cost-effectiveness model to account for differences in the sea’s adjustment to the loads of the two nutrients is used to study uncertain climate change effects with probabilistic constraints on nutrient pool targets and uncertain technological development in a mean–variance framework. Empirical application to the Baltic Sea indicates that climate change and technological development can reduce total abatement cost by half, but also increase it by 125% when uncertainty is included. Poland faces the largest cost burden—approximately 50% of the total cost in all scenarios.


Eutrophication Climate change Dynamic cost-effectiveness model 



We are much indebted to the EU-funded BONUS project BaltCoast and to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency Grant No. 15/24 for financial support, and to Tomasz Zylicz for valuable comments at the workshop on environmental challenges in the Baltic region at Södertörn University, 11 May 2016.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

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