Endovascular Treatment of the Arteries of the Foot

  • Roberto Ferraresi
  • Luis Mariano Palena
  • Giovanni Mauri
  • Roberto Lorenzoni
  • Marco Manzi


This chapter gives a detailed description of the below-the-ankle vascular anatomy, vessel disease distribution, and treatment strategies for percutaneous revascularization. A description of anatomic variants that are important for revascularization treatment of ischemic patients is provided. Furthermore, vessel disease distribution in a large series of treated patients is reported. Current concepts in endovascular treatment of patients with critical limb ischemia, such as the «angiosome concept» and the concept of «wound-related artery» are also explained. The chapter also describes standard and extreme revascularization techniques in order to provide the reader with a complete overview of below-the-ankle peripheral artery disease.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Ferraresi
    • 1
  • Luis Mariano Palena
    • 2
  • Giovanni Mauri
    • 3
  • Roberto Lorenzoni
    • 4
  • Marco Manzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Peripheral Interventional Cathlab, Diabetic Foot Clinic, Humanitas GavazzeniBergamoItaly
  2. 2.Interventional Radiology Unit, Policlinico Abano TermeAbano TermeItaly
  3. 3.Radiology Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San DonatoMilanItaly
  4. 4.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional CardiologySan Luca HospitalLuccaItaly

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