Cognitive Functioning in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator/Pacemaker Recipients

  • Mauro Feola
  • Marzia Testa


Cognitive impairment (CI) is one of the most common recurring chronic conditions among elderly people. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is recognised as an important cause of CI, not only in the elderly but also in younger people. Cardiac devices such as cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and pacemaker (PM) are frequently used in HF patients and might modify cognitive functioning in different ways.

This chapter describes how cardiac devices could influence cognitive functioning in HF patients and how CI could impact the management of heart failure.


Cognitive impairment Heart failure Cardiac devices 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiovascular Rehabilitation-Heart Failure UnitOspedale SS TrinitàFossano (CN)Italy
  2. 2.School of Geriatry, Università degli Studi di TorinoTorinoItaly

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