Wildlife Tourism and Conservation: The Hidden Vale Project

  • Margie MaccollEmail author
  • Andrew Tribe
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)


Wildlife tourism encompasses a wide range of tourism experiences that involve encounters for tourists with non-domesticated animals which are either free ranging or captive and includes zoos and nature parks. Wildlife tourism is a growing industry, which is reflected in the number and variety of activities on offer and the increase of tourism businesses offering them. Its growing popularity can contribute to local economies and have major impacts on wildlife and their habitats. It can thus benefit conservation by direct wildlife management, supporting research and educating visitors on conservation, while its revenue is considered to be a growing method of conserving wildlife, particularly for those species threatened or endangered, and particularly where government expenditure on conservation is limited or unavailable. However, while sustainability is a wildlife tourism goal which is widely accepted and adopted by governments and businesses, this requires management processes to identify negative effects, implement actions to correct them as well as conducting ongoing monitoring, ideally from the outset of the project. This chapter describes and discusses the Hidden Vale Project—a long term endeavour on private land which aims to combine wildlife conservation with a range of other activities including livestock production, wildlife tourism/ecotourism and adventure activities.


Wildlife Tourism Ecotourism Conservation Hidden vale Spicers Retreat 


  1. Ballantyne R, Packer J (2013) International handbook on ecotourism. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Buckley R (2009) Parks and tourism PLOS biology. Accessed 22 June 2015
  3. Burton E, Tribe A (2016) The rescue and rehabilitation of Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) in Southeast Queensland. Animals (Basel) Set 15;6(9). Accessed 15 Nov 2016
  4. Campbell KJ, Harper G, Algar D, Hanson CC, Keitt BS, Robinson S (2011) Review of feral cat eradications on islands. In: Veitch C, Clout MN, Towns DR (eds) Island invasives: eradication and management. pp 37–46.Google Scholar
  5. Ecotourism Australia (2016) Accessed 25 Oct 2016
  6. Ewen J, Armstrong D, Parker K, Seddon P (eds) (2012) Reintroduction biology: integrating science and management. Conservation Science and Practice No. 9. Wiley-Blackwell, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. Glen A, Dickman C (2008) Niche overlap between marsupial and eutherian carnivores: does competition threaten the endangered spotted-tailed quoll? J App Ecology 45(2). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01449.x
  8. Green R, Giese M (2004) Negative effects of wildlife tourism on wildlife. In Higginbottom K (ed) Wildlife tourism CRC for sustainable tourism. Qld, pp 81–97Google Scholar
  9. Green R, Higginbottom K (2001) Negative effects of wildlife tourism on wildlife. In: Wildlife tourism research report series 5, CRC for Sustainable Tourism. Accessed Dec 6 2016
  10. Hale R, Swearer S (2016) When good animals love bad restored habitats: how maladaptive habitat selection can constrain restoration. In: J Appl Ecol. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12829
  11. Higham J, Luck M (2002) Urban ecotourism: a contradiction in terms. J Ecotourism 1(1):p36–p51. doi: 10.1080/14724040208668111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Higginbottom K (ed) (2004) Wildlife tourism: impacts, management and planning. Common Ground Publishing, VictoriaGoogle Scholar
  13. Higginbottom K, Tribe A (2004) Contributions of wildlife tourism to conservation. In: Higginbottom K (ed) Wildlife tourism, CRC for Sustainable Tourism, Queensland, pp. 99–123Google Scholar
  14. Houser A, Gusset M, Bragg C, Boast L, Somers M (2011) Pre-release hunting, training and post-release monitoring are key components in the rehabilitation of orphaned large felids. Sth Afr J Wildlife Res 41(1):11–20. doi: 10.3957/056.041.0111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hvenegaard G (2002) Using tourist typologies for ecotourism research. J Ecotourism 1(1).
  16. Kutay K (1993) Brave new role: ecotour operators take centre stage in the era of green travel. In: Going green: the ecotourism research for travel agents. Supplement to Tour and Travel News 25(80)Google Scholar
  17. Lyon T, Montgomery A (2015) The means and end of greenwash. Organ Environ 28(2):223–249Google Scholar
  18. Moscardo G, Saltzer R (2004) Understanding wildlife tourism markets. In: Higginbottom K (ed) Wildlife tourism. CRC for Sustainable Tourism, Queensland, pp 167–185Google Scholar
  19. Moscardo G, Woods B, Saltzer R (2004) The role of interpretation in wildlife tourism. In: Higginbottom K (ed) Wildlife tourism. CRC for Sustainable Tourism, Queensland, pp 231–251Google Scholar
  20. Moseby K, O’Donnell E (2003) Reintroduction of the greater bilby, Macrotis lagotis (Reid) (Marsupialia: Thylacomyidae), to northern South Australia: survival, ecology and notes on reintroduction protocols. Wildlife Res 30(1):15–27.
  21. Newsome D, Dowling RK, Moore SA (2005) Wildlife tourism, vol 24. Channel View Publications.Google Scholar
  22. Orams D (2002) Feeding wildlife as a tourism attraction: a review of issues and impacts. Tourism Manage 23:281–293. Accessed 7 December 2016
  23. Poesen J, Hooke J (1997) Erosion, flooding and channel management. In: Mediterranean environments of Southern Europe. Prog Phys Geogr 21(2):157–199. doi: 10.1177/030913339702100201
  24. Robertson S (2008) A review of feral cat control. J Feline Med and Surg 10(4):366–375. doi: 10.1016/j.jfs.2007.08.003
  25. Ropert-Coudert Y, Wilson R (2005) Trends and perspectives in animal-attached remote sensing. Front Ecol Environ 3(8). doi: 10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0437:TAPIAE]2.0.CO;2
  26. Spicers Hidden Vale Website (2016) Accessed 8 Oct 2016
  27. Steven R, Castley J, Buckley R (2013) Tourism revenue as a conservation tool for threatened birds in protected areas. PLoS ONE 8(5):e62598. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062598 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stronza A, Pegas F (2008) Ecotourism and conservation: two cases from Brazil and Peru. Hum Dimensions Wildlife 13:263–279. Accessed 9 Oct 2016
  29. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre (STCRC) (2009) Wildlife tourism: challenges, opportunities and managing the futureGoogle Scholar
  30. Tapper R (2006) Wildlife watching and tourism: a study on the benefits and risks of a fast growing tourism activity and its impacts on species. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), Bonn, Germany. Accessed 9 Oct 2016
  31. Tisdell C (2003) Economic aspects of ecotourism: wildlife-based tourism and its contribution to nature. Sri Lankan J Ag Econ 5(1). Accessed 3 Dec 2016
  32. Tomkiewicz S, Fuller M, Kie J, Bates K (2010) Global positioning system and associated technologies and ecological research. Phil Trans Royal Soc B 365(1550). doi: 10.1098/retb.2010.0090
  33. Tribe A (2004) Zoo tourism. Wildlife tourism: impacts, management and planning, pp 35–56Google Scholar
  34. Tribe A, Booth R (2003) Assessing the Role of Zoos. Wildlife Conserv Hum Dimensions Wildlife Int J 8(1):65–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. United Nations Environment Programme (2012) Bird watching can help eco-tourism fly high in a green economy. Accessed 20 July 2015
  36. UNWTO Annual Report (2012) Accessed 10 Oct 2015
  37. Valentine P, Birtles A (2004) Wildlife watching In: Higginbottom K (ed) Wildlife tourism. CRC for Sustainable Tourism, Queensland, pp 15–34Google Scholar
  38. Wearing S, Neal J (1999) Ecotourism. Butterworth-Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  39. Weaver D (2002) Hard-core ecotourists in Lamington National Park. Aust J Ecotourism 1(1):19–35. doi: 10.1080/14724040208778110 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Weaver D, Lawton L (2007) Twenty years on: the state of contemporary ecotourism research. Griffith University. Gold Coast Accessed 24 Oct 2015
  41. Wilson G, Hayward M, Wilson C (2016) Market-based incentives and private ownership of wildlife to remedy shortfalls in government funding for conservation. Conserv Lett J Soc Conserv Biol. Accessed 24 Oct 2015
  42. World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) (2016) Accessed 24 Oct 2015
  43. World Conservation Union (IUCN) (2016) Accessed 23 Oct 2015

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agriculture and Food SciencesUniversity of Queensland GattonGattonAustralia
  2. 2.The Gainsdale GroupFortitude ValleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations