Advertisement

Major Wildlife Attractions and Choices in Turkey and the Tourists’ Reports about Their Experiences and Learning in this Tourism Niche

  • Reyhan Arslan AyazlarEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Abstract

Contemporary life has caused human to become estranged from nature and in the present day we observe people’s efforts to return to nature. These efforts have generated changes in the tourism industry and alternative holidays are planned for tourists who seek unique, authentic experiences which require a more active participation. At this point wildlife tourism is capable of responding to the requirements and needs of tourists as well as the industry. Wildlife interactions occur in a wide range of settings worldwide. Tourists can observe, feed, touch and/or photograph the wild animals and their experiences have been getting more important to develop this area. Although there are various investigations in countries such as Nepal, Indonesia, Uganda, Kenya, Costa Rica, there is little research about wildlife tourism in Turkey. Therefore, this chapter presents information about wildlife tourism, its attractions and visitors’ motivations and experiences in Turkey. ‘Wildlife tourism’ in Turkey is not named segmentedly like that, and it is instead mentioned as being part of hunting tourism and ecotourism in the country. Thus, there aren’t special strategies or plans for developing this tourism type in the country. It hasn’t also been considered and attempt to enhance visitors’ learning experiences. However, zoo visitors’ learning experiences at zoo have been reported in this study. Therefore academic research about wildlife tourism and visitors’ experiences should be increased in the country. Clarification of wildlife tourism, determination of main attractions and marketing as a tourism product must be extended in Turkey.

Keywords

Wildlife tourism Tourist learning experience Turkey 

References

  1. Adefalu LL, Omotesho KF, Alao OS (2015) Determinants of visitors’ preference for wild animal species (a case study of Unilorin Zoo, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria). J Res For Wildl Environ 7(1):124–135Google Scholar
  2. Anderson US, Kelling AS, Pressley-Keough R, Bloomsmith MA, Maple TL (2003) Enhancing the zoo visitor’s experience by public animal training and oral interpretation at an otter exhibit. Environ Behav 35(6):826–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ballantyne R, Packer J, Falk J (2011) Visitors’ learning for environmental sustainability: testing short- and long-term impacts of wildlife tourism experience using structural equation modelling. Tourism Manage 32(6):1243–1252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bekiroğlu S, Okan T (2009) Avcıların demografik ve sosyoekonomik yapısı: Marmara ve Ege Bölgesi örneği. Acta Turcica Çevrimiçi Tema Türko Derg 1(1):297–308Google Scholar
  5. BELA (2016) Yunus gözlem turları. http://www.bugday.org/portal/haber_detay.php?hid=4003. Accessed 21 May 2016
  6. Bentz J, Lopes F, Calado H, Dearden P (2016) Managing marine wildlife tourism activities: analysis of motivations and specialization levels of divers and whale watchers. Tourism Manage Perspect 18:74–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boz M, Tunçer S (2016) Turizm talebinde yeni eğilimler: Balıkçılık turizmi. Paper presented at the III. Ulusal Deniz Turizmi Sempozyumu, University of 9 Eylül, 26–27 Feb 2016Google Scholar
  8. Çakıcı C, Harman S. (2006) Kuş gözlemciliğinin önemi: Türkiye’de kuş gözlemciliğinin profili. Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi 17(2):161–168Google Scholar
  9. Çolak C (2013) Vazgeçilmez tutku atmacacılık. http://www.haberler.com/vazgecilmez-tutku-atmacacilik-5215550-haberi/. Accessed 25 Apr 2016
  10. Cong L, Wu B, Morrison AM, Shu H, Wang M (2014) Analysis of wildlife tourism experiences with endangered species: an exploratory study of encounters with giant pandas in Chengdu, China. Tourism Manage 40:300–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. DKMPMG (2013) Türkiye’de Av ve Yaban Hayatı. Doğa Koruma ve Milli Parklar Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara. http://www.milliparklar.gov.tr/kitap/77/AV_YABAN_TR.pdf. Accessed 23 Apr 2016
  12. Duffus DA, Dearden P (1990) Non-consumptive wildlife-oriented recreation: a conceptual framework. Biol Conserv 53:213–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. EKAD (2007) Deniz kaplumbağalarını koruma ve izleme projesi. http://www.ekad.org.tr/files/gonullu_programi_kitapcigi_web.pdf. Accessed 18 May 2016
  14. Fredline L, Faulkner B (2001) International market analysis of wildlife tourism, CRC Sustainable Tourism, Wildlife Tourism Research Report Series, No: 22. http://sustain.pata.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/WT22_Fredline-IntnlMkts.pdf. Accessed 20 July 2016
  15. He GM, Chen XD, Liu W, Bearer S, Zhou SQ, Cheng YQ (2008) Distribution of economic benefits from ecotourism: a case study of Wolong nature reserve for giant pandas in China. Environ Manage 42(6):1017–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Higginbottom K (2004) Wildlife tourism: impacts, management and planning. Common Ground Publishing Pty Ltd, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  17. Iğırcık M, Yadigar S, Bekiroğlu S, Okan T, Aktaş ME (2005) Marmara Bölgesi Avcı Profili. TC Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı Ege Ormancılık Araştırma Müdürlüğü, Teknik Bülten No: 29, İzmir http://yayin.ogm.gov.tr/yaydepo/t381.pdf. Accessed 20 May 2016
  18. İzmir Doğal Yaşam Parkı (n.d.). İngilizce Broşür. http://www.izmirdogalyasamparki.org.tr/Pages/Content.aspx?id=37&mid=1506. Accessed 27 July 2016
  19. Kantarlı M (2013) Türkiye’de Av ve Yaban Hayatı. TC Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı Doğa Koruma ve Milli parklar Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara http://www.milliparklar.gov.tr/kitap/77/AV_YABAN_TR.pdf. Accessed 21 May 2016
  20. Karis A, Utouh L, Liphafa L (2013) Impact of tourism on wildlife conservation. Working Group on Environmental Auditing (WGEA) Publication. http://www.environmental-auditing.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ecrH%2BPLw7Cc%3D&tabid=128&mid=568. Accessed 28 Apr 2016
  21. Kocabıyık Z (2016) Kuşların peşinde 80 bin km. Türkiye Gazetesi. http://www.turkiyegazetesi.com.tr/saglik/347949.aspx. Accessed 23 Mar 2016
  22. MCT (2016a) Kuyucuk kuş cenneti ve doğal güzellikler. http://www.karskulturturizm.gov.tr/TR,54879/kuyucuk-kus-cenneti-ve-dogal-guzellikler.html. Accessed 11 May 2016
  23. MCT (2016b) Su altı dalış - Bazı dalış bölgeleri. http://yigm.kulturturizm.gov.tr/TR,11518/bazi-dalis-bolgeleri.html. Accessed 11 May 2016
  24. MFWA (2016a) Kuş cenneti milli parkı. http://www.milliparklar.gov.tr/mp/kuscenneti/index.htm. Accessed 11 May 2016
  25. MFWA (2016b) Kelaynak kuşları - Geronticus eremita. http://sanliurfa.ormansu.gov.tr/Sanliurfa/AnaSayfa/BirecikSefligi/kelaynaklar.aspx?sflang=tr. Accessed 11 May 2016
  26. Mintel (2008) Wildlife tourism international. http://reports.mintel.com/display/351669/. Accessed 07 June 2016
  27. O’Connor S, Campbell R, Cortez H, Knowles T (2009) Whale watching worldwide: tourism numbers, expenditures and expanding economic benefits. International Fund of Animal Welfare, Yarmouth, MAGoogle Scholar
  28. Orams MB (1996) A conceptual model of tourist-wildlife interaction: the case for education as a management strategy. Aust Geogr 27(1):39–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Özen AS (2016) Türkiye’deki A grubu hayvanat bahçeleri ve akvaryumların durumu (Araştırma Makalesi). Eurasian J Vet Sci 32(3):149–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Özsöyler C (2015) Türkiye’nin ilk safari parkı. http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/turkiyenin-ilk-safari-parki-29280094. Accessed 15 May 2016
  31. Rabb GB (2004) The evolution of zoos from menageries to centres of conservation and caring. Curator 47(3):237–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reynolds PC, Braitwaite D (2001) Towards a conceptual framework for wildlife tourism. Tourism Manage 22(1):31–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ryan C (1998) Saltwater crocodiles as tourist attractions. J Sustain Tourism 6(4):314–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sevindi C (2013) Ekoturizm ve kuş gözlemciliği açısından Kuyucuk Gölü Kuş Cenneti (Arpaçay-Kars). Türk Coğrafya Dergisi 61:63–76Google Scholar
  35. TRT (2004) Bozkırın çocukları – Anadolu yaban koyunu. http://www.bozkirincocuklari.com/yaban_koyunlari.htm. Accessed 01 June 2016
  36. Ukav İ (2012) Adıyaman’da av turizmi. II. Disiplinlerarası Turizm Araştırmaları Kongresi, 12–15 Apr 2012, pp 3–18Google Scholar
  37. Ulusoy H (2015) Av turizminin kırsal turizm açısından kırsal kalkınma üzerindeki etkisinin irdelenmesi. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi 8(2):74–80Google Scholar
  38. Ünal V, Acarlı D, Gordoa A (2010) Characteristics of marine recreational fishing in the Çanakkale Strait (Turkey). Mediterr Mar Sci 11(2):315–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Woods B (1998) Animals on display: principles for interpreting captive wildlife. J Tourism Stud 9(1):28–39Google Scholar
  40. WMBD (2014) Working together for international migratory bird conservation. http://www.worldmigratorybirdday.org/2014/index91d9.html?option=com. Accessed 02 Oct 2016
  41. WWF (2016) Doğa koruma - Türler - Yunus. http://www.wwf.org.tr/ne_yapiyoruz/doga_koruma/turler/yunus/. Accessed 01 June 2016

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tourism FacultyMuğla Sıtkı Koçman UniversityMuğlaTurkey

Personalised recommendations