Endoscopic Bleeding Control

  • Johannes Wilhelm ReyEmail author
  • Arthur Hoffman
  • Daniel Teubner
  • Ralf Kiesslich


Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) can occur at different locations and different intensities throughout the intestine. Gastrointestinal bleeding is subdivided based on the location (upper, lower, middle GIB). The upper GI tract comprises the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (up to the papilla of Vateri). Middle GIB relates to that part of the GI tract located below the papilla Vateri up to the terminal ileum. Lower GIB is defined as a bleeding within the colon and rectum.

Upper GIB is diagnosed with esophagogastroduodenoscopy, middle GIB with capsule endoscopy or enteroscopy, and lower GIB with colonoscopy.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Wilhelm Rey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arthur Hoffman
    • 1
  • Daniel Teubner
    • 1
  • Ralf Kiesslich
    • 1
  1. 1.Helios Dr. Horst Schmidt Kliniken GmbH, Klinikum der Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden, Klinik für Innere Medizin II Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und EndokrinologieWiesbadenGermany

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