The Larger Urban Context

  • Geoffrey MossEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Sociology book series (BRIEFSSOCY)


In this chapter, I briefly discuss the larger urban context of Lawrenceville’s artistic enclave (i.e., the City of Pittsburgh). I draw on secondary sources, and also utilize my field data and Art All Night Artist Survey data. I begin by presenting a brief overview of Pittsburgh’s transition from industrial to postindustrial city, and point out that it has not experienced widespread gentrification and astronomical increases in housing costs. I then discuss and evaluate Florida’s comments on its creative class, and proceed to assess some of the advantages and disadvantages of being a Pittsburgh artist.


Pittsburgh Creative class Artist Artist survey Richard Florida 


  1. Abbing, H. (2002). Why are artists poor? The Exceptional economy of the arts. Netherlands: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Carrier, D. (2003). New York Art, Pittsburgh Art. The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 37(3), 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Castro, D., DeMauro, K., Laffey, S., Leo, S-Y., Merker, L., McElwee, H., et al. (Student project) (2006). Strengthening relationships between artists and post-industrial Pennsylvania communities. Carnegie Mellon University.Google Scholar
  5. Currid, E. (2007). The Warhol economy: How fashion, art, and music drive New York City, by Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ferman, B. (1996). Challenging the growth machine: Neighborhood politics in Chicago and Pittsburgh. Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas.Google Scholar
  7. Florida, R. L. (2002). The rise of the creative class: And how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  8. Florida, R. L. (2012). The rise of the creative class revisited (Tenth Anniversary Edition). New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  9. Gottdiener, M., & Hutchinson, R. (2006). The new urban sociology (3rd ed.). New York City: Persus Books Group.Google Scholar
  10. Halasz, (2015). The bohemian ethos: Questioning work and making a scene on the lower east side. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Haller, W. (2005). Industrial restructuring and urban change in the Pittsburgh region: Developmental, ecological, and socioeconomic trade-offs. Ecology and Society, 10(1), 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lloyd, R. D. (2006). Neo-Bohemia: Art and commerce in the postindustrial city. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Lubove, R. (1996). Twentieth-century Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press Digital Editions.Google Scholar
  14. Margolis, L. (2005). “Art in our Neighborhoods.” Carnegie OnlineGoogle Scholar
  15. Markusen, A., & King, D. (2003). The artistic dividend: The arts’ hidden contributions to regional development. Project on Regional and Industrial Economics, Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
  16. Neumann, T. (2012). Hamilton’s ‘Pittsburgh solution’: ‘Post-industrial’ as public policy. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Urban Affairs Association.Google Scholar
  17. Shaw, S., & Sullivan, D. M. (2011). “White night”: Gentrification, racial exclusion, and perceptions and participation in the Arts. City & Community, 10, 241–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Simpson, C. R. (1981). SoHo, the artist in the city. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  19. Streitfeld, D. (2009, January 8). For Pittsburgh, there’s life after steel. New York: New York Times.Google Scholar
  20. Strickland, C. (2004). From rust belt to arts Mecca; Pittsburgh reaps the benefits of its 20-year investment in a downtown cultural district—And in the vitality of its young people. Christian Science Monitor, 11.Google Scholar
  21. The Economist. (2006, September). Pittsburgh: How now brown town? A former steel city is now proclaiming its cleaner land and clever minds.Google Scholar
  22. Thornton, S. (2008). Seven days in the art world. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  23. Zimmer, A., & Toepler, S. (1999). The subsidized muse: Government and the arts in western europe and the united states. Journal of Cultural Economics, 23(1–2), 33–49.Google Scholar
  24. (2007). “John Morris: NYC Artist, Pittsburgh Gallery Owner and Raconteur, interviewed at Digging Pitt Gallery.”
  25. Vance, C. S. (1989). The war on culture + the public funding of controversial art works. New York: Brant Publishing Inc.,Google Scholar
  26. Zukin, S. (1982). Loft living: Culture and capital in urban change. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations