Main Categories of Economics as an Object of Philosophical Analysis

  • Anna GuryanovaEmail author
  • Nikolai Guryanov
  • Vyacheslav Frolov
  • Maksim Tokmakov
  • Olga Belozerova
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


The article determines and analyzes main categories of economics which have philosophical (universal, worldview) sense and meaning. It is shown that by their sense these categories go beyond the boundaries of economics, and their sense is lost with time. According to traditional names of basic chapters of philosophical knowledge, economic categories are divided into (1) ontological, (2) anthropological, (3) axiological. Their ethical and value content is determined, as well as dialectical ties and interaction. The performed philosophical analysis of the main categories of economy allowed transferring their understanding from the profile economic sphere to wide social, humanistic and anthropological context.


Categories Economics Philosophy Material production Market Husbandry Homo economicus Labor Need Money Ownership Freedom 


  1. Aron R (1993) Stages of development of sociological thought. Progress, Moscow, p 608Google Scholar
  2. Bulgakov SN (2009) Philosophy of economy. Institute of Russian Civilization Publ., Moscow, p 464Google Scholar
  3. Guryanova АV (2015) Phenomenon of homo informaticus: new measurement of human being. In: Problems of human existence in informational society. Samara State University of Economics, Samara, pp 203–220Google Scholar
  4. Hayek F (2011) The constitution of liberty. In: Hamowy R (ed) The collected works of F. Hayek, vol 19. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, p 688Google Scholar
  5. Koslowski P (1996) Ethics of capitalism and critique of sociobiology: two essays with a comment by J.M. Buchanan. In: Studies in economic ethics and philosophy, vol 10. Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  6. Koslowski P (2000) The theory of ethical economy as a cultural, ethical and historical economics: economic ethics and the historist challenge. In: Koslowski P (ed) Contemporary economic ethics and business ethics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 3–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marx K (2010) Outlines of the critique of political economy. LKI, Moscow, p 167Google Scholar
  8. Marx K (2015) The capital, vol 1. Book 1. Process of capital production. Russian Political Encyclopedia, Moscow, p 664Google Scholar
  9. Simmel G (2004) In: Frisby D (ed) The philosophy of money, 3rd enlarged edn. Routledge, London and New York, p 616Google Scholar
  10. Weise P (1989) Homo economicus und homo sociologicus: Die Schreckensmänner der Socialwissenschaften. Z Sociol 18(2):148–161Google Scholar
  11. World of Philosophy (1991) In: Gurevich P, Stolyarov V (compiled) Part 2. Human, society, culture. Politizdat, Moscow, p 624Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Guryanova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikolai Guryanov
    • 2
  • Vyacheslav Frolov
    • 1
  • Maksim Tokmakov
    • 1
  • Olga Belozerova
    • 1
  1. 1.Samara State University of EconomicsSamaraRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Architecture and Construction of Samara State Technical UniversitySamaraRussia

Personalised recommendations