Related Texts

  • John M. SteeleEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSHIST)


This chapter studies several texts which are related to the rising time schemes in order to place those schemes in a broader context. Using the fully reconstructed rising time scheme it has been possible to better understand the content of these texts. In particular, the so-called ‘GU Text’ is shown to include references to the rising time scheme. Since the GU Text is probably to be dated to before the development of the zodiac, the link between it and the rising time scheme confirms the priority of the calendar-based form of the scheme over the zodiac-based form, and pushes the development of the rising time scheme significantly earlier than previously assumed.


Babylon Babylonian astronomy Calendar Cuneiform text GU text Ziqpu stars Zodiac 


  1. Hunger H, Pingree D (1999) Astral sciences in Mesopotamia. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  2. Koch J (1992) Die Sternenkatalog BM 78161. Die Welt des Orients 23:39–67Google Scholar
  3. Pingree D, Walker CBF (1988) A Babylonian star catalogue: BM 78161. In: Leichty E et al (eds) A scientific humanist: studies in memory of Abraham Sachs. University Museum, Philadelphia, pp 313–322Google Scholar
  4. Roughton NA, Steele JM, Walker CBF (2004) A late Babylonian normal and Ziqpu star text. Arch Hist Exact Sci 58:537–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Steele JM (2013) Shadow-length schemes in Babylonian astronomy. SCIAMVS 14:3–39Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Egyptology and AssyriologyBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

Personalised recommendations