Advertisement

Introduction

  • John M. SteeleEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSHIST)

Abstract

Babylonian rising time schemes relate positions at or relative to stars which culminate either as the sun rises or sets on particular days of the year or as given points on the ecliptic rise across the eastern horizon. These schemes were first identified in cuneiform texts in the mid-20th century and were initially assumed to be related to the functions for the length of daylight in the mathematical astronomy of the Hellenistic period (the so-called ‘ACT astronomy’). Subsequently, their relationship with earlier types of Babylonian astronomy has been recognized. This chapter outlines previous research on the rising time schemes and provides an overview of the sources to be studied in this work.

Keywords

Babylonian astronomy Ecliptic Equator Oblique ascension Rising time Zodiac 

References

  1. Horowitz W (1994) Two New Ziqpu-Star Texts and Stellar Circles. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 46:89–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hunger H (1976) Spätbabylonische Texte aus Uruk. Teil I. Gebr. Mann, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  3. Hunger H, Pingree D (1989) MUL.APIN. An Astronomical Compendium in Cuneiform, Archiv für Orientforschung Beiheft 24. Berger & Söhne, HornGoogle Scholar
  4. Montelle C (2016) The Anaphoricus of Hypsicles of Alexandria. In: Steele JM (ed) The circulation of astronomical knowledge in the ancient world. Brill, Leiden, pp 287–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Neugebauer O (1936) Jahreszeiten und Tageslängen in der babylonischen Astronomie. Osiris 2:517–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Neugebauer O (1953) The rising-times in Babylonian astronomy. J Cuneif Stud 7:100–102Google Scholar
  7. Neugebauer O (1975) A history of ancient mathematical astronomy. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pingree D, Walker CBF (1988) A Babylonian star catalogue: BM 78161. In: Leichty E et al (eds) A scientific humanist: studies in memory of Abraham Sachs. University Museum, Philadelphia, pp 313–322Google Scholar
  9. Rochberg F (2004) A babylonian rising time scheme in non-tabular astronomical texts. In: Burnett C, Hogendijk JP, Plofker K, Yano M (eds) Studies in the history of the exact sciences in honour of David Pingree. Brill, Leiden, pp 56–94Google Scholar
  10. Roughton NA, Steele JM, Walker CBF (2004) A Late Babylonian Normal and Ziqpu Star text. Arch Hist Exact Sci 58:537–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schaumberger J (1955) Anaphora und Aufgangskalender in neuen Ziqpu-Texten. Zietschrift für Assyriologie 52:237–251Google Scholar
  12. Steele JM (2013) Shadow-length schemes in babylonian astronomy. SCIAMVS 14:3–39Google Scholar
  13. Steele JM (2014) Late Babylonian Ziqpu-Star lists: Written or remembered traditions of knowledge? In: Bawanypeck D, Imhausen A (eds) Traditions of written knowledge in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 403. Ugarit-Verlag, Münster, pp 123–151Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Egyptology and AssyriologyBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

Personalised recommendations