• Gabriel Tortella
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


This chapter wraps up the arguments and shows that, unlike Scotland, Catalonia has never been a nation and has no legitimate claim to being treated as one. This is shown in the first section, devoted to a historical sweeping analysis. The second section examines what modern nationalism is and how it developed in Catalonia in the twentieth century. The third section tries to explain why Catalan nationalism developed and shows that it is largely the product of early economic development, which made many Catalans feel different and somewhat superior, while at the same time the Catalan economy had a strong dependence of Spain. The fourth and last section tries to explain the recent separatist effervescence. There are two converging explanations: there is a decades-long background of incessant indoctrination and propaganda by the nationalist governments; and there is the precipitating factor of the Great Recession.


History Nationalism Indoctrination Separatism Crisis 


  1. ÁLVAREZ JUNCO, José (2001), Mater Dolorosa. La idea de España en el siglo XIX. Madrid: Taurus.Google Scholar
  2. BOYD, Carolyn P. (1997), Historia Patria. Politics, History, and National Identity in Spain, 1875-1975. Princeton: New Jersey, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  3. BRUBAKER, Rogers (1996), Nationalism reframed. Nationhood and the national question in the New Europe. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Quiroga, Gloria. (1999), El papel alfabetizador del Ejército de Tierra español. Madrid: Ministerio de Defensa.Google Scholar
  5. CHARRON, Nicholas, Victor LAPUENTE, and Lewis DIJKSTRA (2012), Regional Governance Matters, A Study on Regional Variation in Quality of Government within the EU. WP 012/2012. 2012. [Brussels], European Commission. Working Papers.Google Scholar
  6. FUSI, Juan Pablo (2000), España. La evolución de la identidad nacional. Madrid: Ediciones Temas de Hoy.Google Scholar
  7. LÜTHY, Herbert (1962), ‘A Rehabilitation of Nationalism?’, in Jelensky, pp. 85–99.Google Scholar
  8. MAS, Artur (2015), ‘A los españoles’. El País, 6 September 2015.Google Scholar
  9. NÚÑEZ, Clara E. (1992), La fuente de la riqueza. Educación y desarrollo económico en la España contemporánea. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.Google Scholar
  10. PAYNE, S.G. (1961), Falange. A History of Spanish Fascism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. RIQUER, Borja de (2004), Història de Catalunya, 9 vols. (“La Catalunya autonómica, 1975–2003, primera parte”). Barcelona: Edicions 62.Google Scholar
  12. WEBER, Eugene (1976), Peasants into Frenchmen. The Modernization of Rural France, 1870–1914. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Tortella
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de AlcaláMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations