The Peninsular War: Birth of a Nation

  • Gabriel Tortella
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


Catalonia and Spain were deeply involved in the Napoleonic wars. Spain’s war against Napoleon called ‘Peninsular’ by the English is ‘the War of Independence’ for the Spaniards, who, with the help of Lord Wellington’s forces, bravely resisted the vastly superior French army and created one of the earliest modern Parliaments, the ‘Cortes of Cádiz’, which produced a democratic Constitution whose second article stated that ‘The Spanish Nation is free and independent and is not and cannot be the patrimony of any one family or individual’. This is the period when, after a century of closer union under Felipe V and his descendants, the modern Spanish nation was formed while fighting against Napoleon. Catalonia contributed mightily to the war and to the shaping of the modern Spanish nation.


Peninsular war Parliament Constitution Guerrilla Independence 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Tortella
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de AlcaláMadridSpain

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