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Introduction

  • Igor Muševič
Chapter
Part of the Soft and Biological Matter book series (SOBIMA)

Abstract

Basics of the orientational order, phase transitions and Landau-de Gennes theory are presented. We briefly discuss optical properties of liquid crystals, which is necessary for understanding optical experiments in these materials. Basic introduction to topological defects in nematic liquid crystals is given, including winding number, topological charge, Euler characteristic, genus of colloids, and elastic energy of topological defects.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jožef Stefan InstituteUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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