Provision for the Education of Poor Girls in France and Scotland during the Long Eighteenth Century: Comparative Research
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There was considerable social interaction between Ireland’s Ascendancy and France’s élite. Concurrently, the poor of the two countries endured comparably deplorable conditions. Scotland experienced an industrial revolution largely unknown in Ireland. However, both witnessed substantial urban renewal during the eighteenth century. Each had a large, poor, rural Gaelic-speaking population. Each sustained an uneasy union with a dominant neighbour, with which neither shared a majority religion. There were similarities also with regard to the countries’ educational provision. This chapter outlines the elementary education available to French and Scottish poor children, girls particularly, during the long eighteenth century. The chapter thereby contextualizes the educational provision for poor Irish children, illustrating that Ireland did not differ significantly from its neighbours.