Epidemiology of TGA

  • A. J. Larner


This chapter examines the epidemiology of TGA. Few studies of incidence, seasonal time of onset, and geographical distribution have been undertaken. Nevertheless, various precipitating and predisposing factors for TGA have been identified, and these may give some clues to its aetiopathogenesis. However, none of these is either necessary or sufficient to trigger an attack.


TGA Incidence Precipitating factors Predisposing factors 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Larner
    • 1
  1. 1.Cognitive Function ClinicWalton Centre for Neurology and NeurosurgeryLiverpoolUK

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