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Beneficial Role of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria in Vegetable Production Under Abiotic Stress

Chapter

Abstract

Changes in climate, natural or man induced, urbanization and several other factors result in abiotic stress, for example, high winds, extreme temperatures, drought, flood, etc. Such factors in turn affect many plants including vegetables. Vegetables, being plants grown for their vegetative parts, are, however, more sensitive to abiotic stress, when compared to grass family. The abiotic stress limits soil/climate for vegetable plantation and consequently results in decreased vegetable yields. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are beneficial soil bacteria capable of stimulating physical, chemical and biological changes in plants. In particular, for vegetables, there are numerous applications of these beneficial microorganisms to alleviate the adverse effects of abiotic stress. This review focuses on alternative mechanisms employed by PGPB to enhance vegetable production under various abiotic stresses, including drought, salinity, extreme temperature, nutrient and heavy metal stresses.

Keywords

Vegetables PGPR Abiotic stress Soil enzymes Siderophores 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Faculty, Genetics and Bioengineering DepartmentYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Agricultural Faculty, Horticulture and Viticulture DepartmentAtataturk UniversityErzurumTurkey
  3. 3.Agricultural Faculty, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition DepartmentErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  4. 4.Organic Farming Department, Islahiye Vocational SchoolGaziantep UniversityGaziantepTurkey

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