Advertisement

Community Residential Treatment and Institutional Treatment

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
  • Debra White
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the origins and growth of residential treatment facilities in the United States are discussed. Many of the first facilities to open, such as Dismas House, continue to operate up to the present time. However, the scope of the treatment programs and the types of offenders admitted to the facilities have expanded. Several organizations that started as a one facility center housing 10–15 residents now have numerous facilities located throughout the United States. Although some of the community residential centers serve as all-purpose treatment facilities taking in a wide range of offenders, the majority now serve as facilities that provide housing and treatment for offenders with a specific problem. Several of the programs in specialized residential treatment facilities are considered in this chapter. In addition, the facilities that are administered by private profit or nonprofit organizations are compared with community residential facilities that are under the auspicious of a local or state government.

The characteristics of programs designed to treat offenders incarcerated in state or federal treatment facilities are explained and illustrated in the chapter. Special problems relating to providing treatment in a secure facility are given attention in the chapter and the methods used by state and federal agencies to address these problems, such as developing separate facilities, for the mentally ill, are considered in the chapter.

Keywords

Community treatment center Halfway house Correctional facility Specialized programs Functional units Types of treatment Reintegration facilities Mental health facilities Community correctional facilities Medical model 

References

  1. Bleininger, M. (2016). The role of correctional program specialists in the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections at Noble Correctional Institution (pp. 1–17). Unpublished Paper.Google Scholar
  2. Carson, A. (2015). Prisoners in 2014 (NCJ 248955). In Bureau of justice statistics: U.S. prison population. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice. Retrieved August 7, 2016.Google Scholar
  3. Community Corrections Association. (2016). Ohio: Community Corrections Association of Youngstown. Retrieved October 15, 2016, from http://www.yellowpages.com/youngstown-oh/mip/community-corrections
  4. Dismas House of St. Louis. (2016). History of Dismas House. Retrieved October 15, 2016, from http://www.yellowpages.com/saint-louis-mo/mp/dismas-house-of-st-louis-6100174
  5. Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2016a). About us, history. Retrieved August 4, 2016, from https://www.bop.gov/about/history
  6. Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2016b). About us statistics. Retrieved August 4, 2016, from https://www.bop.cog/about/statistocs-staff-ethnicity-race.jsp
  7. Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2016c). About us: Facilities. Retrieved August 4, 2016, from https://www.bop.gov/about/facilities.jsp
  8. Gerard, R. (1970). Institutional innovations in juvenile corrections. Federal Probation, 34(4), 37–44.Google Scholar
  9. Human Rights Watch. (2012). Old behind bars: The aging prison population in the United States. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved August 10, 2016, from https://www.hrw.organreport/2012/27/old-behind-bars/aging-prison-population-united-states
  10. Kratcoski, P. (2004). Older inmates: Special programming concerns. In P. Kratcoski (Ed.), Correctional counseling and treatment (5th ed., pp. 558–595). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  11. Kratcoski, P., & Pownall, G. (1989). Federal Bureau of Prison programming for older inmates. Federal Probation, 53(2), 28–35.Google Scholar
  12. Lippold, R. (1985). Halfway houses: Meeting special needs. Corrections Today, 47(6), 46, 82, 112. (Reprinted in Correctional counseling and treatment, 2nd ed., pp. 343–347, by P. Kratcoski, 1989, Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.)Google Scholar
  13. McCollum, S. (1992). Mandatory literacy: Evaluating the Bureau of Prisons’ long standing commitment. Federal Prison Journal, 3(2), 33–36.Google Scholar
  14. Minton, T., & Zeng, Z. (2015). Jail inmates at midyear, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=5299.
  15. Ohio Division of Parole and Community Services. (1974). Ohio’s halfway house program: Standards and specifications. Columbus, OH: National Graphics.Google Scholar
  16. Ohio Risk Assessment System. (2016). Retrieved July 31, 2016, from http://www.drc.ohio.gov/web/oras.htm
  17. Oriana House Home Page. (2016). Oriana House. Retrieved July 12, 2016, from https://www.facebook.com/orianahouserecruitment/info/?Entry-point-nav-about-items&tab+nav-about-items&tab+page-info
  18. Oxford House, Inc. (2015). Annual report FY2015: Celebrating 40 years. Silver Springs, MD: Oxford House, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordhouse.org/userfiles/file/doc.
  19. Oxford House, Inc. (2016). About Oxford House, Inc. Retrieved July 15, 2016, from https://www.Oxfordhouse.org/userfiles/file/oxford_house_history.php
  20. Sabath, M., & Cowles. (1988). Factors affecting the adjustment of older inmates in prison. In B. McCarthy & R. Langworthy (Eds.), Older offender (pp. 178–196). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  21. Seiter, R., Petersilla, J., & Allen, H. (1974). Evaluation of adult halfway houses in Ohio (Vol. 1). Columbus, OH: Program for the Study of Crime and Delinquency.Google Scholar
  22. Toch, H. (1992). Functional unit management: An unsung achievement. Federal Prison Journal, 2(4), 15–19.Google Scholar
  23. United States Bureau of Prisons. (1977). Unit management manual. Washington, DC: US Bureau of Prisons.Google Scholar
  24. Vito, G., & Wilson, D. (1985). Forgotten people: Elderly inmates. Federal Probation, 49(1), 18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  • Debra White
    • 2
  1. 1.Kent State UniversityKentUSA
  2. 2.Community Corrections AssociationYoungstownUSA

Personalised recommendations