Diverting Special Categories of Offenders to Community Treatment Programs

  • Peter C. Kratcoski


In this chapter, alternative methods for processing certain categories of offenders are explored. Various specialty courts for the mentally ill, substance abuse offenders, family violence offenders, and veterans’ and community courts for those who commit misdemeanor offenses are described. The criteria for acceptance to a specialty court, the process followed, and the supervision and treatment programs relating to each type of court are explained.


Diversion Mental health courts Drug courts Family courts Veterans’ courts Community courts Day reporting programs 


  1. Aday, R., & Krabill, J. (2006). Aging offenders in the criminal justice system. Marquette Elder’s Advisor, 7(2), 238–258.Google Scholar
  2. American Law Enforcement and Mental Health Project. (2000). Retrieved from
  3. Brownsville Community Justice Center/Center for Court Innovation. (2016). How it works. Retrieved September 9, 2016 from
  4. Center for Court Innovation. (2016). Midtown Community Court. Retrieved September 15, 2016 from
  5. Center for State Government. (2016). The stepping up initiative. Retrieved May 11, 2006 from
  6. Council of State Governments Justice Center. (2005). Improving responses to people with mental illness: The essential elements of a mental health court. Retrieved May 11, 2016 from
  7. Cutshell, C., & Adams, K. (1983). Responding to older offenders: Age selectivity in the processing of shoplifters. Criminal Justice Review, 1, 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elmore, K. (2016). Downtown Austin community court: A different kind of justice for those with quality of life offenses. Retrieved May 13, 2016 from
  9. Fattah, E., & Sacco, V. (1989). Crime and victimization of the elderly. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harrell, W. (1998). Justice for vets. Retrieved May 15, 2016 from
  11. Harrell, W. (2016). What is a veterans treatment court? Retrieved May 15, 2016 from
  12. Jacob, A. (2016, June 30). Interview conducted by Peter C. Kratcoski.Google Scholar
  13. Kratcoski, P., & Walker, D. (1988). Homicide among the elderly: Analysis of the victim/assailant relationship. In B. McCarthy & R. Langworthy (Eds.), Older offenders: Perspectives in criminology and criminal justice (pp. 62–75). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  14. Kratcoski, P. (2016). Personal interview with Alison Jacob, PCC-S Day Reporting Program Director on 6/30/2016.Google Scholar
  15. Kratcoski, P., & Dahlgren, D. (2004). The CHANCE program: An assessment of a drug court. In P. Kratcoski (Ed.), Correctional counseling and treatment (5th ed., pp. 596–613). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc..Google Scholar
  16. Kratcoski, P., & Edelbacher, M. (2016). Trends in the criminality and victimization of the elderly. Federal probation, 80, 58–63.Google Scholar
  17. Lee, C., Cheesman, F., Rottman, D., Swaner, R., Lambson, S., Rempel, M., & Curtis, R. (2009). A community court grows in Brooklyn: A comprehensive evaluation of the red hook community justice center (executive summary). Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts.Google Scholar
  18. Marchman, J. (2012). Veterans courts in Texas. Austin: Texas Bar Association. Retrieved April 26, 2016 from
  19. McAleer, K. (2016). Mental health court: What is it? Retrieved May 11, 2016 from
  20. O’Neill, S. (2015). LA police unit intervenes to get mentally ill treatment, not jail time. Retrieved May 11, 2016 from
  21. Pence, E., Paymar, M., Wedge, L., Barnes, G., Jones-Schroyer, B., Miller, S., et al. (2011). Creating a process of change for men who batter (The Duluth Curriculum 2011 Edition). Duluth, MN: Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs. Retrieved June 30, 2016 from
  22. Scherer, R. (2009). Jail diversion programs for those with mental illness: An emphasis on pre-booking diversion and other early diversion models. Retrieved from
  23. Staton, M., & Lurigio, A. (2015). A statewide examination of mental health courts. Retrieved from https://www.iacajournal.ord/index.php/ijca/article/view/URN.NBN.NL
  24. Travis, J. (1995). The drug court movement. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  25. U.S. Department of Justice. (1997). Drug courts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  26. U.S. Department of Justice. (1999). Office of justice programs drug court clearinghouse technical assistance project: Looking at a decade of drug courts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  1. 1.Kent State UniversityKentUSA

Personalised recommendations