The Persistence of Ethnic Communities



This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the literature on ethnic diversity. It points out that what is clearly a major limitation if not an under-representation in the existing literature is that the emphasis is not directed to post-colonial societies and in particular small island states. In examining societies such as Fiji, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, it is evident that one has to rely on the plural society model to provide explanations for the accommodation of the ethnic communities within these countries. In utilizing the plural society model, what emerges is an essential difference between these post-colonial, transplanted societies and societies which are larger and have been fissured by ethnic diffractions or what may be described as ethnic implosions within these communities.


Anthony Smith Barth Beer Class analysis Coakley Coppel Cultural ecology Ernest Gellner Ethnic implosions Ethnic solidarity Ethnicity Fissparous tendencies Group solidarity Guibernau and Rex Heterogeneous societies Homogenous societies Hutchinson and Smith Jenkins John Furnivall Lipset and Rokkan M.G Smith Marx Multicultural societies Neilsen Reactive-ethnicity model Rex Ringer and Lawless Safran Sanders Schermerhorn Self-identification Stratification Structural – functionalists Structural-discrimination Talcott Parsons Unifying Weber Westminster Whitehall 


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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of the West IndiesSt. AugustineTrinidad and Tobago

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