Advertisement

Elements of an Organization’s Infrastructure—Relevant Existing and Expectable Technologies

  • Werner LeodolterEmail author
Chapter
  • 822 Downloads

Abstract

The foundations of organizations such as visions, mission statements, the organizational structure—and corporate strategies as well as strategic objectives derived from them—are the supporting pillars of the core business of the respective organization and they are part of the—in a wider meaning—infrastructure of the organization. These elements and structures influence the behavior of the organization and are part of the subconscious mind of the organization. The new technologies and tools like sensors, internet of things, augmented reality, social media, Big Data, etc. are attached and settled in this infrastructure—they are becoming part of it—and they change the perception of the organization. But they also change the possibilities for interaction both internally and externally. They change the “cognitive processes” of the organization and thus the subconscious mind of the organization. New concepts, such as social collaboration and realtime enterprise accelerate the interaction and business processes and open up new paradigms like the paradigm of sharing—the “shareconomy”. Decisions are increasingly being supported by IT (Decision Support) or even automated. Systems and algorithms with learning abilities and Artificial Intelligence emerge or are moving in. How can the organizational and entrepreneurial governance be secured in such disruptive phase shifts? How can the foundations and frameworks of the organization be kept appropriate and stable? How can the subconscious mind of the organization—required as a basis for the fast and efficient action—be formed and shaped in a safe way. How to make it “resilient”? This requires not only communication but also the right algorithms for the self-control of complex systems. However, organizations have to be designed and built so that they can deal with uncertainties and disruptions as best as possible. This requires an appropriate infrastructure—in a wider meaning—as important part of the subconscious mind of an organization and this requires the meaningful use of existing and expectable technologies.

Keywords

Organization Infrastructure Organizational cognition Artificial Intelligence Resilience Self-control of organizations Decisin making Decision support 

Literature

  1. Bergstrom TC (2002) Evolution of social behavior: individual and group selection. J Econ Perspect 16(2), American Economic AssociationGoogle Scholar
  2. Biswas P, Aydemir GA, Langdon P, Godsill S (2013) Intent recognition using neural networks and Kalman filters. In Human computer interaction and Knowledge discovery in complex, unstructured, Big Data—workshop proceedings Maribor July 2013. Published in Lecture notes in Computer science, Springer, LNCS 7947Google Scholar
  3. Bruck P (2008) Microlearning & capacity-building, (ed. M. Lindner). Innsbruck University Press, Innsbruck, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  4. Brynjolfsson E, McAfee A (2011) Race against the machine. Digital Frontier Press, Lexington, MassGoogle Scholar
  5. Carnegie Mellon University (2001) A tribute to Herbert Simon. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/simon/all.html
  6. CRISP_DM (2013) www.crisp-dm.org/ed
  7. Damasio A (2012) Self comes to mind: constructing the conscious brain. Vintage Books EditionGoogle Scholar
  8. Davenport TH (2014) Big data@work. Harvard Business Review PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Elsberg M (2012) Blackout—Morgen ist es zu spät. Blanvalet VerlagGoogle Scholar
  10. Frey CB, Osborne M (2013) The future of employment. http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/downloads/academic/future-of-employment.pdf
  11. Gartner Identifies the Top 10 Strategie Technology, Trends for 2014, Gartner Symposium/ITxpo 2013 October 6–10 in OrlandoGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghasemipour-Yazdi R (2014) Simulation von Geschäftsmodellen. WINGbusiness 1/2014, S 20Google Scholar
  13. Grüter T (2013) Offline!—Das unvermeidliche Ende des Internets und der Untergang der Informationsgesellschaft. Springer SpektrumGoogle Scholar
  14. Harris T (2014) The power trio integration through SoA, Enterprise mobility and gamification. Bangalore 2014 www.thbs.com
  15. Heuser UJ (2014) Funkelnder Kapitalismus, Die Zeit, 39/2014 vom 3.10.2014, S 26Google Scholar
  16. Hofstadter D, Sander E, Held S (2014) Die Analogie: Das Herz des Denkens (1. Auflage). Tropen-Verlag 2014 Verlag C.H. Beck im Internet ISBN 978 3 608 94619 2Google Scholar
  17. Klausnitzer R (2013) Das Ende des Zufalls—Wie Big Data uns und unser Leben vorhersagbar macht. Ecowin Verlag SalzburgGoogle Scholar
  18. Kurzweil R (2005) The Singularity is near. VikingGoogle Scholar
  19. Kurzweil R (2012) How to create a mind—the secret of human thought revealed. Viking Penguin GroupGoogle Scholar
  20. Mayer-Schönberger V, Cukier K (2013) Big Data—Die Revolution, die unser Leben verändern wird. Redline VerlagGoogle Scholar
  21. McNamara RS, VanDeMark B (1995) In retrospect: the tragedy and lessons of Vietnam. Random HouseGoogle Scholar
  22. Medical informatics world conference (2014) Vortrag von Kaiser Permanate. Boston, USAGoogle Scholar
  23. Oxford American College Dictionary (2014) “mind”, Putnam AdultGoogle Scholar
  24. Oxford Economics (2011) The new digital economy—how it will transform business. White paper from a research program sponsored by AT&T, Cisco, Citi, PwC, SAPGoogle Scholar
  25. Senge P (1990) The fifth discipline, the art and practice of the learning organisation. Doubleday currencyGoogle Scholar
  26. Setz C (2014) Der Digitale Adam. Die Zeit v 10.7.2014Google Scholar
  27. Siemens hitech 2/2014. Wer lernt, gewinntGoogle Scholar
  28. Steyrl D, Scherer R, Müller-Putz GR (2013) Random forests for feature selection in Non-invasive Brain-Computer Interfacing. In Human computer interaction and Knowledge discovery in complex, unstructured, Big Data—workshop proceedings Maribor July 2013. Published in Lecture notes in Computer science, Springer, LNCS 7947Google Scholar
  29. Ungericht B, Wiesner M (2011) Individuelle und organisationale Widerstandskraft—Chancen und Missbrauch des Resilienzkonzepts. In Zeitschrift Führung und Organisation, Heft 2/3 2011Google Scholar
  30. Vlahos J (2012) “The Department of Pre-Crime”, Scientific American. Bd 306Google Scholar
  31. Weinberger D (2011) Too big to know. Basic BooksGoogle Scholar
  32. Weßels D (Hrsg) (2014) Zukunft der Wissens—und Projektarbeit—neue Organisationsformen in vernetzten Welten, Symposion-VerlagGoogle Scholar
  33. Whishaw IQ, Kolb B (2010) An introduction to brain and behavior. Worth Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Entrepreneurship and Applied Business StudiesUniversity of GrazGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations