Quantifying the Performances of Simplified Physically Based Landslide Susceptibility Models: An Application Along the Salerno-Reggio Calabria Highway Open image in new window

  • Giuseppe FormettaEmail author
  • Giovanna Capparelli
  • Pasquale Versace
Conference paper


Landslides are one of the most dangerous natural hazards in the world causing fatalities, destructive effects on properties, infrastructures, and environment. A correct evaluation of landslide risk is based on an accurate landslide susceptibility mapping that will affect urban planning, landuse planning, and infrastructure designs. Great effort has been devoted by the scientific community to develop landslide susceptibility models. Only few studies have been focused on defining accurate procedures for model selection, assessment, and inter-comparison. In this study we applied a methodology for objectively calibrate and compare different landslide susceptibility models in a framework based on three steps. The first step involves the automatic model parameter calibration based on different objective functions and the comparison of the models results in the ROC plane. The second step involves the intercomparison of a set of model performance indicators in order to exclude objective functions that provide the same information. Finally the third step involves a model parameter sensitivity analysis to understand how model parameter variations affect the model performances. In this study the three-step procedure was applied to compare two different simplified physically based landslide susceptibility models along the highway Salerno-Reggio Calabria in Italy. The model M2, able to consider the spatial variability of the soil depth respect to the model M1, coupled the distance to perfect classification index provided the most accurate result for the study area.


Landslide susceptibility analysis Model performances evaluation ROC 



This research was funded by the PON project no. 01_01503 “Integrated Systems for Hydrogeological Risk Monitoring, Early Warning and Mitigation Along the Main Lifelines”, CUP B31H11000370005, within the framework of the National Operational Program for “Research and Competitiveness” 2007–2013.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Formetta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giovanna Capparelli
    • 2
  • Pasquale Versace
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Ecology & HydrologyWallingfordUK
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Modellistica, Elettronica e Sistemistica Ponte Pietro BucciUniversity of CalabriaRendeItaly

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