Multiple Watermarking Using Multilevel Quantization Index Modulation

  • Bingwen Feng
  • Jian Weng
  • Wei Lu
  • Bei PeiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10082)


In this paper, a type of multilevel Quantization Index Modulation (QIM) algorithms is proposed by adopting the concept of multilevel nested lattice coding. We first introduce the multilevel scalar-QIM and then extend it to the vector case by using lattice-QIM. The lattice definition and nested lattices construction are specified such that the constructed nested lattices is suitable for multilevel lattice-QIM. The proposed scheme embeds multiple watermark sequences into the same host signal via several embedding rounds. Each round of embedding uses quantizers of different radii, and thus provides different robustness. As a result, the embedded watermark sequences can be used for various purposes. Benefiting from the scalable robustness and adjustable embedding rate, the proposed multilevel QIM presents good performances and supports a wide range of applications.


Multiple watermarking Robustness Quantization Index Modulation (QIM) Multilevel nested lattices 



This work is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong (No. 2016A030313350), the Special Funds for Science and Technology Development of Guangdong (No. 2016KZ010103), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 16LGJC83), and the Key Lab of Information Network Security, Ministry of Public Security.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Information Science and TechnologyJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangdong Key Laboratory of Information Security Technology, School of Data and Computer ScienceSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Key Lab of Information Network SecurityMinistry of Public SecurityShanghaiChina

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