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Hypogenic Caves and Paleokarst of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma

  • Kevin William BlackwoodEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Cave and Karst Systems of the World book series (CAKASYWO)

Abstract

The Arbuckle Mountains form a small but complex geologic province characterized by thick sequences of intensely folded and faulted carbonates, sandstones, and shales of the Late Cambrian through Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous). Caves, karst, and paleokarst features are abundant in several limestone and dolomite formations. The region hosts a diverse range of settings and mechanisms capable of forming both epigenic and hypogenic caves. Hypogenic features are found in caves throughout the Arbuckles, but most commonly where deformation has been severe. Carbonate dissolution in these areas is aided by the mixing of fresh and saline waters, and by microbial interaction with hydrocarbons. It is probable that more than one process has been involved in forming hypogenic caves and paleokarst.

Keywords

Arbuckle Mountains Deep karst Hypogenic caves Paleokarst Faults 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to the following for their help on this project: Stacy Gantt-Blackwood, John Brooks, Corky Corcoran, Todd Halihan, Kaitlyn Beard, Pride Abongwa, Kyle Spears, John Richins, Britney Temple, Bob Allen, John Wilson, Jona Tucker, Lainee Sanders, Tom Thompson, Jon Fields, the various landowners, Arbuckle Karst Conservancy & Research Institute, and members of the Arbuckle Mountains Grotto of the National Speleological Society.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East Central UniversityAdaUSA

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