Advertisement

Condensation Corrosion Speleogenesis in the Amargosa Desert and the Tecopa Basin

  • Yuri DublyanskyEmail author
  • John Klenke
  • Christoph Spötl
Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads
Part of the Cave and Karst Systems of the World book series (CAKASYWO)

Abstract

We summarize observations on condensation corrosion caves above a regional, moderately thermal aquifer in the Devils Hole Ridge near Ash Meadows (Nevada) as well as at a site near Shoshone (California). At Devils Hole, water of the regional aquifer has been saturated with respect to calcite (i.e., non-aggressive) for the last 2–3 million years. Caves at both sites have been initially formed by extensional tectonics and further enlarged by condensation corrosion.

Keywords

Condensation corrosion Devils Hole Tecopa Hypogene speleogenesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the Death Valley National Park Service for permission to conduct research at Devils Hole and the park personnel (K. Wilson and R. Freeze) for field assistance. Partial support for this research was provided by FWF grant P263050.

References

  1. Belcher WR (ed) (2004) Death Valley regional ground-water flow system‚ Nevada and California; Hydrogeologic framework and transient ground-water flow model. US Geol Surv Sci Invest Rep 2004–5205Google Scholar
  2. Briggs TS, Hom K (1972) A cavernicolous whip-scorpion from the northern Mojave Desert, California (Schizomida: Schizomidae). Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences 98Google Scholar
  3. Carr WJ (1988) Geology of the Devils Hole area, Nevada. US Geol Surv Open-File Rep 87–560Google Scholar
  4. Dettinger MD (1989) Distribution of carbonate-rock aquifers in Southern Nevada and the potential for their development: summary of findings, 1985–88. Program for the study and testing of carbonate-rock aquifers in eastern and southern Nevada. Summary Report No. 1, Carson City, NevadaGoogle Scholar
  5. Dreybrodt W, Gabrovšek F, Perne M (2005) Condensation corrosion: a theoretical approach. Acta Carsol 34(2):317–348Google Scholar
  6. Dublyansky YV, Spötl C (2015) Condensation-corrosion speleogenesis above a carbonate-saturated aquifer: Devils Hole Ridge, Nevada. Geomorphology 229:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dudley WW, Larson JD (1976) Effect of irrigation pumping on desert pupfish habitats in Ash Meadows, Nye County, Nevada. US Geol Surv Prof Paper 927Google Scholar
  8. Emerson D (1951) Shoshone Cave. Calif Caver 3(3):2Google Scholar
  9. Kluge T, Affek HP, Dublyansky Y, Spötl C (2014) Devils Hole paleotemperatures and implications for oxygen isotope equilibrium fractionation. Earth Planet Sci Lett 400:251–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Miner RE, Nelson ST, Tingey DG, Murrell MT (2007) Using fossil spring deposits in the Death Valley region, USA to evaluate palaeoflowpaths. J Quat Sci 22:373–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Riggs AC (1991) Geohydrologic evidence for the development of Devils Hole, southern Nevada as an aquatic environment. In: Pister EP (ed) Proceedings of the desert fishes council 20 and 21, pp 47–48Google Scholar
  12. Riggs AC, Deacon JE (2002) Connectivity in desert aquatic ecosystems: The Devils Hole Story. In: Sada DW, Sharpe SE (eds) Spring-fed wetlands: important scientific and cultural resources of the intermountain region, Las Vegas, NV. DHS Publication No. 41210, 7–9 May, 2002Google Scholar
  13. Riggs AC, Carr WJ, Kolesar PT, Hoffman RJ (1994) Tectonic speleogenesis of Devils Hole, Nevada, and implications for hydrogeology and the development of long, continuous paleoenvironmental records. Quat Res 42:241–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tripati AK, Hill PS, Eagle RA, Mosenfelder JL, Tang J, Schauble EA, Eiler JM, Zeebe RE, Uchikawa J, Coplen TB, Ries JB, Henry D (2015) Beyond temperature: clumped isotope signatures in dissolved inorganic carbon species and the influence of solution chemistry on carbonate mineral composition. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 166:344–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. USGS (US Geological Survey) (2010) Death Valley regional groundwater flow system‚ Nevada and California—Hydrogeologic framework and transient groundwater flow model. Belcher WR‚ Sweetkind DS (series eds) US Geol Surv Prof Paper 1711‚ p 398Google Scholar
  16. Wernicke BP (1992) Cenozoic extensional tectonics of the U.S. Cordillera. In: Burchfiel BC, Lipman PW, Zoback ML (eds) The Cordilleran orogen—conterminous US. Geological Society of America, Geology of North America G–3:553–581Google Scholar
  17. Winograd IJ‚ Thordarson W (1975) Hydrogeologic and hydrochemical framework‚ south-central Great Basin‚ Nevada-California‚ with special reference to the Nevada test site. US Geol Surv Prof Paper 712-CGoogle Scholar
  18. Winograd IJ, Riggs AC, Coplen TB (1998) The relative contributions of summer and cool-season precipitation to groundwater recharge, Spring Mountains, Nevada, USA. Hydrogeol J 6:77–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuri Dublyansky
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Klenke
    • 2
  • Christoph Spötl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeologyInnsbruck UniversityInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.Nye County Nuclear Waste Repository Project OfficePahrumpUSA

Personalised recommendations