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Hypogene Speleogenesis in the Crimean Piedmont, the Crimea Peninsula

  • Alexander KlimchoukEmail author
  • Gennadiy Amelichev
  • Elizaveta Tymokhina
  • Yuri Dublyansky
Chapter
  • 1k Downloads
Part of the Cave and Karst Systems of the World book series (CAKASYWO)

Abstract

The chapter demonstrates, based on multiple lines of evidence, that hypogene speleogenesis was responsible for the origin of caves and conspicuous landform features in the Crimean Piedmont, a part of the Crimean Mountains located in the south of Crimea, a large peninsula in the North Black Sea. The region is located at the margin of the Prichernomorsky artesian basin, along a geodynamically active regional suture zone which separates the fold-thrust structure of the Crimea Mountains from the Scythian plate. Speleogenesis occurred in confined conditions by flow that rose across the Upper Cretaceous–Paleogene–Neogene clay–carbonate succession along cross-formational tectonic discontinuities and interacted with lateral flow in stratabound aquifers. A conceptual model of hypogene speleogenesis in the region links different types of cavities occurring in different lithostratigraphic units into integral, complexly structured, but functionally united void-conduit systems. These systems are shown to play an important role in the formation of cuesta escarpments in the Inner Range of the Crimean Mountains. The Crimean Piedmont is an outstanding example of a region where the recognition of hypogene speleogenesis entails a fundamentally new interpretation of the regional geomorphological evolution and the origin of remarkable landscape features, previously attributed to weathering processes.

Keywords

Hypogene speleogenesis Crimea Crimean mountains Crimean piedmont Cuesta landscape 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to colleagues at the Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology, particularly to V. Naumenko, S. Tokarev and B. Vakhrushev, for their assistance in field studies. This study was partially supported by a grant 0110U002248 of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine to АК.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Klimchouk
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Gennadiy Amelichev
    • 2
    • 4
  • Elizaveta Tymokhina
    • 2
    • 4
  • Yuri Dublyansky
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine
  2. 2.Crimean Federal UniversitySimferopolRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Geology, University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  4. 4.Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and KarstologySimferopolUkraine

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