Advertisement

Electromagnetic and Hadronic Showers: Calorimeters

Chapter
  • 2.4k Downloads
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)

Abstract

The ionisation mechanism presented in Chap.  6 is only one of the processes by which charged particles interact with matter, and is the dominant for heavy particles in thin media. Electrons and photons are subject to a number of other processes which cannot be neglected and are exploited in the development of calorimeters. Hadrons too loose energy by more mechanisms than just ionisation. The additional processes are the topic of this chapter. Following a review of the characteristics of electromagnetic and hadronic showers, the later sections present the design of calorimeters, both electromagnetic and hadronic, which exploit this type of phenomenology.

Keywords

Pair Production Detector Volume Electromagnetic Calorimeter Soft Photon Hadronic Calorimeter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Figure 3.2 from Messel and Crawford, Electron-Photon Shower Distribution Function Tables for Lead, Copper, and Air Absorbers (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Beringer et al., (Particle Data Group). Phys. Rev. D 86, 010001 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.A. Olive et al. (Particle data group). Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014); and 2015 update, Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Materials, http://pdg.lbl.gov/2015/AtomicNuclearProperties/
  4. 4.
    C. Amsler et al., Particle data group. Phys. Lett. B 667, 1 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W.R. Nelson et al., Phys. Rev. 149, 201 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Bathow et al., Nucl. Phys. B 20, 592 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Electromagnetic Shower Simulator, https://www.mppmu.mpg.de/~menke/elss/home.shtml. Accessed 7 Dec 2016
  8. 8.
    CMS Collaboration, The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter project: Technical Design Report, CERN/LHCC/97-03 (1997)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ATLAS Collaboration, ATLAS liquid-argon calorimeter: Technical Design Report, CERN/LHCC/96-041 (1996)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Copyright CERN, http://cds.cern.ch/record/39737. Accessed 12 Dec 2016
  11. 11.
    F. Abe et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 271, 387 (1988)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Balka et al., The CDF central electromagnetic calorimeter. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. A 267(23), 272–279 (1988)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Aubert et al., The BaBar detector, BABAR collaboration. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 479, 1 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Kocian, Performance and calibration of the crystal calorimeter of the BABAR detector, in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Calorimetry in Particle Physics (CALOR 2002) (Pasadena, CA, 2002), pp. 167–174Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.M.S. Collaboration, P. Adzic et al., Energy resolution of the barrel of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter. JINST 2, P04004 (2007). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/2/04/P04004 Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ATLAS Collaboration, The ATLAS liquid argon calorimeter: overview and performance. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 293, 012044 (2011). doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/293/1/012044
  17. 17.
    S. Bertolucci et al., The CDF central and endwall Hadron calorimeter. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. A 267(23), 301–314 (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physics and AstronomyQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations