Relief and Vertical Sections

  • John WalkerEmail author
  • Joseph L. Awange


In this chapter, we introduce you to the concept of relief and vertical sections and their applicability to civil and mine engineering. This chapter begins by providing definitions to terminology that will be used here and also in the workshop and field practical.


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  1. Irvine W, Maclennan F (2006) Surveying for construction, 5th edn. McGraw, New York (Chaps. 5 and 6)Google Scholar
  2. Schofield W, Breach M (2007) Engineering surveying, 6th edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam (Chap. 3)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial ScienceCurtin UniversityBentley, PerthAustralia

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