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Transformation of Natural Products into Synthetic Copolymers

  • Mukesh K. PandeyEmail author
  • Virinder S. Parmar
  • Arthur C. Watterson
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 24)

Abstract

Natural products are attractive synthetic substrates to design new and diverse polymeric nanomaterials. However, due to the absence of mechanical properties, natural products remain unexplored in the field of materials sciences. Copolymerization of natural products using macromeres can lead to nanomaterials with diverse properties and applications. For instance natural substances such as curcumin and coumarin can be copolymerized with polyethylene glycol and polydimethylsiloxane to produce novel polymeric materials using Candida antarctica lipase as a catalyst in solvent-less conditions. The resultant copolymers are amphiphilic in nature and self-assemble to form nano-micelles in aqueous medium, which broaden their applications. More generally, nanomaterials can be used for determination of trace quantities of metal impurities in drinking water and food, nano formulation of active pharmaceutical ingredients and active agriculture ingredients, sensing of trace quantities of explosives, preparation of flame retardant materials and manufacturing of dye sensitized solar cells. We briefly review here recent developments of natural product-based polymeric materials and their applications.

Keywords

Transformation Natural product Copolymers Novozym Nanomaterial Structural modification Drug delivery Agricultural applications 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mukesh K. Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Virinder S. Parmar
    • 2
  • Arthur C. Watterson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Advanced SciencesDartmouthUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Nanoscience and Engineering TechnologyUniversity of MassachusettsLowellUSA

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