Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: A Major Player in Early Succession

  • Izabela L. KałuckaEmail author
  • Andrzej M. Jagodziński


Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are a key organism group enabling and enhancing the process of open land colonization by ECM-dependent trees and shrubs. Through their functional traits, interactions with both abiotic and biotic environment, and their own successional dynamics, they significantly affect woody vegetation succession coupled with soil and ecosystem development. In this chapter, we review the role of ECM fungi in the processes of early primary and secondary succession, including non-anthropogenic natural systems, like glacier forefronts, volcanic deserts, and sand dunes, as well as major sites disturbed by intensive human activity, such as mine spoils, fire-affected sites, clear-cuts and timber harvesting areas, and post-agricultural lands. Successional traits of ECM fungal community reflecting their life histories and species composition, dispersal, spatial and temporal structure, host preferences, and sensitivity to environmental filters underpin key ecosystem services provided by ECM fungi in the processes of forest development, management, and restoration. While the rapidly increasing influence of climate change, environmental damage, species invasions, and biodiversity reduction become obvious, ECM fungi and their successional traits must be considered in afforestation and carbon sequestration polices, in sustainable forest management, as well as in biodiversity conservation and rehabilitation practices.


Mine Spoil Spore Bank Common Mycorrhizal Network Glacier Forefront Volcanic Desert 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This review was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Warsaw, Poland (grant nos. 3 P04G 031 23 and N N305 2996 40) and by General Directorate of State Forests, Warsaw, Poland (research project “Environmental and genetic factors affecting productivity of forest ecosystems in forest and post-industrial habitats”). The authors would like to thank Dr. Douglas Zook (Global Ecology Education Initiative, Boston University, USA) and Dr. Joanna Kazik (University Centre Doncaster, UK) for linguistic revision of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izabela L. Kałucka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrzej M. Jagodziński
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, Department of Algology and MycologyUniversity of ŁódźŁódźPoland
  2. 2.Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of SciencesKórnikPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Forestry, Department of Game Management and Forest ProtectionPoznań University of Life SciencesPoznańPoland

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