3D Endovaginal Ultrasound Imaging of the Levator Ani Muscles

  • Lieschen H. Quiroz
  • S. Abbas Shobeiri


The complex levator ani anatomy is perhaps best visualized with three-dimensional endovaginal ultrasonography. In this chapter we will investigate imaging of different levator ani subdivisions and their relationship to the levator plate movement and function.


Levator ani muscle Ultrasound Levator ani avulsion Levator ani deficiency 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Women’s Pelvic and Bladder Health CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGynecologic Subspecialties, INOVA Women’s Hospital, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityFalls ChurchUSA
  3. 3.Department of BioengineeringGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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