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Pelvic Floor Anatomy

Chapter

Abstract

Pelvic floor architectural defects are related to parity, aging, hysterectomy, and chronic straining. The muscles and the supportive connective tissue can be torn, stretched, or denervated. Basic understanding of pelvic floor anatomy is essential to understanding 2D, 3D, and 4D anatomy as visualized by pelvic floor ultrasonography. The goal of the current chapter is to use the suspension bridge analogy and simple representative drawings to communicate to readers complex pelvic floor anatomy and function.

Keywords

Pelvic floor Levator ani muscle Perineal body Endopelvic fascia Pubocervical Rectovaginal Uterosacral 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGynecologic Subspecialties, INOVA Women’s Hospital, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityFalls ChurchUSA
  2. 2.Department of BioengineeringGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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