Hand and Wrist Injuries in Mixed Martial Arts
- 569 Downloads
The sport of mixed martial arts is a blend of many martial arts resulting in a combination of striking and grappling in a fighting contest. A clear set of rules direct the sport’s action. Techniques include strikes with the extremities, throws and takedowns, as well as joint manipulation and chokes. Its popularity is rapidly growing worldwide. Just as with any combat sport, injuries are inevitable. However, research into the sport is still in its infancy. Given its surging popularity, surgeons who treat the hand and wrist should have an understanding of the sport, its potential causes of injury, and the current research that exists.
KeywordsMixed martial arts MMA Martial arts Finger injuries Hand injuries Wrist injuries
- 1.Poliakoff MB. Combat sports in the ancient world: competition, violence, and culture. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1987.Google Scholar
- 3.Keown T. MMA’s future. ESPN: The Mag. 2012.Google Scholar
- 14.Pieter W. Competition injuries in young karate athletes. Br J Sports Med. 1998;32:88.Google Scholar
- 20.Pieter W. Epidemiology of injury in Olympic sports. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.Google Scholar
- 22.Pomerantz M. Injury profile in Mixed Martial Arts. 2017. Unpublished.Google Scholar
- 25.Otten MHC, Ghazarian N, Boura J. Ultimate fighting championship injuries; a two-year retrospective fight injury study. Osteopath Fam Phys. 2015:13–8.Google Scholar
- 26.Scoggin JF 3rd, Brusovanik G, Pi M, Izuka B, Pang P, Tokumura S, et al. Assessment of injuries sustained in Mixed Martial Arts competition. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010;39(5):247–51.Google Scholar
- 29.Murray S. Boxing gloves of the ancient world. J Combat Sport. 2010:1492–650.Google Scholar
- 30.http://www.ufc.com/discover/sport/rules-and-regulations. Unified Rules and Regulations of Mixed Martial Arts.