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Statistical Tools for Program Evaluation: Introduction and Overview

  • Jean-Michel Josselin
  • Benoît Le Maux
Chapter

Abstract

Program evaluation intends to grasp the impact of collective projects on citizens, their economic, social and environmental consequences on individual and community welfare. The task is challenging as it is not so easy to put a value on items such as health, education or changes in environment. This chapter provides an overview of the program evaluation methodology, and offers an introduction to the present book. Program evaluation is defined as a process that consists in collecting, analyzing, and using information to assess the relevance of a policy, its effectiveness and its efficiency (Sect. 1.1). The approach usually starts with a context analysis which first relies on descriptive and inferential statistical tools to point out issues that must be addressed, then measures welfare changes associated with the program (Sect. 1.2). Afterwards, an ex ante evaluation can be conducted to set up solutions and to select a particular strategy among the competing ones (Sect. 1.3). Once the selected strategy has been implemented, ex post evaluation techniques assess the extent to which planned outcomes have been achieved as a result of the program, ceteris paribus (Sect. 1.4). The last section of this chapter finally offers a brief description of how to use the book (Sect. 1.5).

Keywords

Public program Context analysis Ex ante evaluation Ex post evaluation Efficiency Effectiveness 

Bibliography

  1. European Commission. (2013). The resource for the evaluation of socio-economic development.Google Scholar
  2. European Commission. (2014). Guide to cost-benefit analysis of investment projects.Google Scholar
  3. European Commission. (2015). Guidance document on monitoring and evaluation.Google Scholar
  4. HM Treasury. (2011a). The green book. Appraisal and evaluation in Central Government.Google Scholar
  5. HM Treasury. (2011b). The magenta book. Guidance for evaluation.Google Scholar
  6. Patton, M. Q. (2008). Utilization focused evaluation (4th ed.). Saint Paul, MN: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. World Bank. (2011). Impact evaluation in practice.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Michel Josselin
    • 1
  • Benoît Le Maux
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of Rennes 1RennesFrance

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