A New Laboratory Setup for Phase Equilibria Studies of Methane Hydrate in Porous Media

  • Brice Y. KimEmail author
  • I. Yucel Akkutlu
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


Naturally-occurring hydrates are promising energy resource with abundant reserves that easily surpass the other resources all combined. Much work has been done in predicting the properties of gas hydrates. This is especially true for laboratory formed pure gas hydrates. But many physical properties of hydrates in reservoir are not completely understood yet. In effort to research the hydrate behavior in the subsurface conditions, a new laboratory technique is developed to effectively measure the formation and dissociation of the hydrates in pore space. This newly-developed method has other advantages, when compared with the conventional setup. Details of the experimental design and measurement procedure will be discussed. This chapter will also present the findings of the conducted experimental studies and test results on methane hydrate to illustrate the new technique’s usefulness. It was found that the solution in the pore space retains a memory-effect when metane hydrate is melt at moderate temperatures. This can be eliminated only when the system is heated to sufficiently high temperature.


Hydrate Formation Stainless Steel Cylinder Core Holder Phase Equilibrium Study Initial Hydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Chen TS (1980) A Molecular Dynamics Study of the Stability of Small Pre-nucleation Water Clusters, Dissertation, U. Missouri-Rolla, University Microfilms No. 8108116, Ann Arbor, MIGoogle Scholar
  2. Hammerschmidt EG (1934) Formation of gas hydrates in natural gas transmission lines. Ind Eng Chem 26:851–855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kneafsey TJ, Tomutsa L, Moridis GJ, Seol Y, Freifeld BM, Taylor CE, Gupta A (2007) Methane hydrate formation and dissociation in a partially saturated core-scale sand sample. J Petrol Sci Eng 56:108–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kobayashi R, Katz DL (1949) J Petrol Technol 1: 66Google Scholar
  5. Makogon YF (1965) A gas hydrate formation in the gas saturated layers under low temperature. Gas Indus. 5:14–15Google Scholar
  6. Makogan YF (1974) Hydrates of Natural Gas, Moscow, Nedra, Izadatelstro. PennWell Books, Tulsa, 237 p. in Russian (1981) (in English)Google Scholar
  7. Makogon YF (1997) Hydrates of Hydrocarbons. Penn Well, Tulsa, pp 10–16Google Scholar
  8. Makogon YF (2010) Natural gas hydrates-A promising source of energy. J Natural Gas Sci Eng 2:49–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Priestley J (1778–1780) Versuche und Beobachtungen Uber Verrshiedene Gattungen der Luft, Th. 1–3, 3:359–362. Wien-LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  10. Rodger M (2000) Proc. gas hydrates: challenges for the future (Holder, G.D., Bishnoi, P.R., eds). Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 912, p 474Google Scholar
  11. Sloan ED, Khoury FM, Kobayashi R (1976) Ind Eng Chem Fund 15:318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sloan ED, Koh CA (2008) Clathrate hydrates of natural gases, 3rd edn., 721 pp. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harold Vance Department of Petroleum EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

Personalised recommendations