Advertisement

Acoustic Emission Technology to Investigate Internal Micro-Structure Behaviour of Shear Banding in Sands

  • Wenli LinEmail author
  • Wuwei Mao
  • Junichi Koseki
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)

Abstract

Current experimental techniques used to understand the shear banding process in sands provide little insight into the internal micro-structure evolution. To this end, Acoustic Emission (AE), as a non-destructive testing technique, was proposed in this paper with great interest in characterizing the internal micro-structure response leading to the evolution of shear bands formed in laboratory triaxial compression. Silica sand was used to conduct consolidated-drained triaxial compression tests at a constant axial strain rate under an effective confining pressure of 100 kPa. AE events were collected and analyzed. Insights regarding relations of the deviatoric stress, source rates and dissipated energy rates of AE events with the increasing global axial strain are offered. The result indicated that with the increase of relative densities, the evolution envelope of AE source rates transits from a steep shape to a flat shape, and total amount of AE source events decreases gradually. According to the evolution of AE energy rate, shear banding process can be divided into four stages in terms of O-A, A-B, B-C and C-D, corresponding to the strain hardening regime, incipient strain softening regime, highest rate of strain softening regime and residual stress regime. From which point A could be considered as an omen of the initiation of strain localization, point B as the initiation of visible shear band and point C as the completion of shear banding. AE technologies can be provided as an alternative means to clarify and indicate the initiation and evolution of shear banding in sand.

Keywords

Acoustic Emission Shear Banding Triaxial Compression Acoustic Emission Event Loose Sand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Alshibli KA, Sture S (2000) Shear band formation in plane strain experiments of sand. J Geotech Geoenvironmental Eng 126(6):495–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alshibli KA, Batiste SN, Sture S (2003) Strain localization in sand: plane strain versus triaxial compression. J Geotech Geoenvironmental Eng 129(6):483–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ASTM E1316–14e1 (2014) Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations. ASTM International, West ConshohockenGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhandari AR, Powrie W, Harkness RM (2012) A digital image-based deformation measurement system for triaxial tests. ASTM Geotech Test J 35(2):209–226Google Scholar
  5. Chambon R, Desrues J, Hammad W et al (1994) CLOE, a new rate-type constitutive model for geomaterials theoretical basis and implementation. Int J Numer Anal Meth Geomech 18(4):253–278CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Chambon R, Crochepeyre S, Desrues J (2000) Localization criteria for non-linear constitutive equations of geomaterials. Mech Cohesive-frictional Mater 5(1):61–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Desrues J, Chambon R (1989) Shear band analysis for granular materials: the question of incremental non-linearity. Ing Arch 59(3):187–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mao W et al (2015) Acoustic emission characteristics of subsoil subjected to vertical pile loading in sand. J Appl Geophys 119:119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mao W, Towhata I (2015) Monitoring of single-particle fragmentation process under static loading using acoustic emission. Appl Acoust 94:39–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Oda M, Kazama H, Konishi J (1998) Effects of induced anisotropy on the development of shear bands in granular materials. Mech Mater 28(1):103–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Otani J et al (2000) Application of X-ray CT method for characterization of failure in soils. Soil Found 40(2):111–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rechenmacher AL, Finno RJ (2003) Digital image correlation to evaluate shear banding in dilative sandsGoogle Scholar
  13. Rechenmacher AL (2006) Grain-scale processes governing shear band initiation and evolution in sands. J Mech Phys Solids 54(1):22–45CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. Rechenmacher A, Abedi S, Chupin O (2010) Evolution of force chains in shear bands in sands. Geotechnique 60(5):343–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Saada AS, Liang L, Figueroa JL et al (1999) Bifurcation and shear band propagation in sands. Geotechnique 49(3):367–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tatsuoka F et al (1990) Strength anisotropy and shear band direction in plane strain tests of sand. Soil Found 30(1):35–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Vardoulakis II (1979) Bifurcation analysis of the triaxial test on sand samples. Acta Mech 32(1–3):35–54CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang Q, Lade PV (2001) Shear banding in true triaxial tests and its effect on failure in sand. J Eng Mech 127(8):754–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Chuo Kaihatsu CorporationTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations