Sustainability Reporting in Romania: Is Sustainability Reporting Enough?

  • Voicu-Ion SucalăEmail author
  • Adriana M. Sava
Part of the MIR Series in International Business book series (MIRSIB)


The study of sustainability reporting (SR) patterns in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries represents a vital element in understanding the evolution of management in the respective region and, possibly, in other regions. As expected, the results presented in this book show significant discrepancies among CEE countries. While trying to understand and address these discrepancies, factors such as culture, economic and social development, and the legacy of communism should be considered. Sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR) are intensively studied, debated, and transformed into normative practices, especially in the Western economies. The intense debate regarding global warming and its impact on nature and human society has amplified interest in the topics of sustainability and corporate responsibility. Society, academia, corporations, and policy makers are all concerned about the impact of deteriorating ecologies. On the other hand, sustainability and CSR are both disputed and criticized concepts. From the neoliberal side of the spectrum to critical realism, Marxist left, and green activism, both concepts are the subject of intense criticism. Any attempt to understand sustainability reporting and corporate sustainability practices must also consider the critical perspectives concerning these concepts. Therefore, the objective of this chapter is to present briefly these perspectives and to offer an alternate understanding of this study’s results. The results and the specific context of Romania offered the opportunity for a more balanced perspective on the concept of sustainability and the practice of sustainability reporting.


Corporate Social Responsibility Supply Chain Corporate Responsibility Corporate Sustainability Sustainability Reporting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anca, C., Aston, J., Stanciu, E., & Rusu, D. (2011). (Corporate) Social responsibility in Romania—situation analysis and current practices review—with particular focus on small and medium sized enterprises. Accessed August 20, 2016, from Situatiei RSC in Romania ENG.pdf
  2. Ardelean, A. (2015). Companiile la raport. Accessed August 20, 2016, from
  3. Barbuta, R., Hentea, M., Mesteru, D., & Cociorvei, D. (2014). Rolul Consillilor Economice si Sociale si al institutiilor similare din UE in promovarea conceptului de responsabilitate sociala a companiilor. Accessed August 27, 2016, from
  4. Benson, P., & Kirsch, S. (2010). Corporate oxymoron. Dialectical Anthropology, 34, 45–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Du Pisani, J. A. (2006). Sustainable development—historical roots of the concept. Environmental Sciences, 3(2), 83–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ernst & Young, CSR Media. (2016). Tendinţe şi realităţi CSR în România—Ediţia 2016. Accessed August 14, 2016, from Tendinţe şi realităţi CSR în România-2016_RO.pdf
  7. EUR-Lex. (2014). Directive 2014/95/EU of the European parliament and of the council. Accessed August 14, 2016, from
  8. Ghinea, C., Toma, B., Ganea, O., Damian, A., & Ducu, C. (2015). Raportarea non-financiară văzută de performeri. Policy memo 64 CRPE (June), Romanian center for European policies. Accessed August 17, 2016, from
  9. Government of Romania. (2011). Strategia Naţională de Promovare a Responsabilităţii Sociale 2011–2016. Accessed August 30, 2016, from
  10. Kenny, M. (1994). Ecologism. In R. Eccleshall (Ed.), Political ideologies: An introduction (2nd ed., pp. 218–251). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. KPMG. (2008). KPMG international survey of corporate responsibility reporting 2008. Accessed August 13, 2016, from
  12. KPMG. (2011). KPMG international survey of corporate responsibility reporting 2011. Accessed August 13, 2016, from
  13. KPMG. (2013). The KPMG survey of corporate responsibility reporting 2013. Accessed August 13, 2016, from
  14. KPMG. (2015). Currents of change—the KPMG survey of corporate responsibility reporting 2015. Accessed August 13, 2016, from
  15. Maiorescu, T. (1868). În contra direcţiei de astăzi în cultura română. Iaşi: Convorbiri literare.Google Scholar
  16. Meadows, D. H. (1972). The limits to growth: A report of the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books.Google Scholar
  17. Mitcham, C. (1995). The concept of sustainable development: Its origins and ambivalence. Technology in Society, 17(3), 311–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Murgescu, B. (2010). România şi Europa. Acumularea decalajelor economice (1500–2010). Iaşi: Polirom.Google Scholar
  19. Noutcheva, G., & Bechev, D. (2008). The successful laggards: Bulgaria and Romania’s accession to the EU. East European Politics and Societies, 22(1), 114–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Obrad, C., Petcu, D., Gherheş, V., & Suciu, S. (2011). Corporate social responsibility in Romanian companies—between perceptions and reality. Amfiteatru Economic, XIII(29), 43–55.Google Scholar
  21. Popa, A. (2015). The corporate social responsibility practices in the context of sustainable development. The case of Romania. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 1279–1285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ricketts, G. M. (2010). The roots of sustainability. Academic Questions, 23(1), 20–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rist, G. (2008). The history of development: From western origins to global faith (P. Camiller, Trans.) (3rd ed.). London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  24. Sitnikov, C. (2015). Corporate social responsibility in Romania: Evolution, trends and perspectives. In S. Idowu, R. Schmidpeter, & M. Fifka (Eds.), Corporate social responsibility in Europe—united in sustainable diversity (pp. 381–395). Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. The Azores. (2016). Romania CSR Index 2015—Topul celor mai responsabile companii mari din România. Accessed August 14, 2016, from
  26. The CSR Agency. (2016). The CSR Report Anuar 2015—Romania la raport. Accessed August 20, 2016, from
  27. Tijmes, P., & Luijf, R. (1995). The sustainability of our common future: An inquiry into the foundations of and ideology. Technology in Society, 17(3), 327–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. United Nations Development Programme. (2015). Human development index. Accessed September 8, 2016, from
  29. World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our common future. Accessed September 8, 2016, from

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ExeterExeterUK
  2. 2.Technical University of Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania

Personalised recommendations