The Role of Stakeholders in Internationalization in Portugal
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Continuing from Chap. 5 and the qualitative analysis of Portugal, the points of analysis are (1) policy reform: role of stakeholders and (2) modernization of higher education institutions. The major stakeholders in policy reform are the academic sector of higher education institutions, the public sector government, and the private sector businesses. The Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) is applied to understand the role of the stakeholders in the policy process. The unitary structure of government in Portugal has contributed to the widespread implementation of institutional reforms that took place during the academic year 2008–2009. The modernization of institutions includes partnerships with research institutions that support national objectives and objectives of the European Research Area.
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