Institutions and Ideas: The Political, Economic, and Social Context for the Bologna Process

  • Beverly BarrettEmail author


Institutions and ideas provide the political economy explanations for higher education policy reform in Europe since the Bologna Process was launched on June 19, 1999. The idea originated with the countries of France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom with the Sorbonne Declaration on May 25, 1998. The political economy context interacts with educational reforms through three explanatory policy processes: (1) globalization, (2) intergovernmentalism, and (3) Europeanization. The focus is on national policy reform for degree-structure criteria within the EHEA, as part of the evolution of the Bologna Process action lines. The theoretical foundations are regional integration and institutional change. This book has a mixed methodological research approach and provides the rationale for the case study countries, Portugal and Spain. The policy reforms are to complement the EU’s common market, known as the Single Market, strengthening the case for the Bologna Process.


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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of HoustonHoustonUSA

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