Everyday Health Information Literacy of Young Finnish and Namibian Students: Is There a Difference?
The everyday health information literacy (EHIL) of students with different cultural backgrounds is compared. The data were collected with a self-assessment based EHIL screening tool from Namibian university students (n = 271) and Finnish upper secondary school students (n = 217). The tool corresponds to the definition of health information literacy (HIL) by the Medical Library Association. The groups were compared with cross-tabulations with Fisher’s exact tests and the group means of an EHIL sum variable with Student’s t-test. The results show that the mean scores of the EHIL sum variable do not differ between the groups. Yet, significant differences are found with regard to each of the tool’s statements. Mostly these relate to health information infrastructure, lingual issues, and reading culture. The study contributes to research on cultural differences on HIL and to validating the EHIL screening tool.
KeywordsHealth information literacy Screening tool Students Cultural differences Survey
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