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This work has examined the establishment of safe zones as a temporary military measure that ensures security for persons fleeing conflict and violence until such security threats disappear in their own country. The aim is not to intervene in a country’s internal affairs, but to avert large-scale outflows of refugees. My analysis has suggested that safe zones can be an effective way to achieve the dual purpose of humanitarian protection and safeguarding of the interests of refugee-receiving States. Furthermore, I conclude that the concept of safe zone does not constitute an undue intervention into the internal affairs of the target State. When such a State internationalizes its internal affairs by initiating and failing to prevent large outflows of its people, safe zones may be justified on the grounds of countermeasures, necessity, and humanitarian intervention.